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Modelling of Emergency Vehicles Route Choice with Use of Trajectory Data

Bieker-Walz, Laura and Flötteröd, Yun-Pang and Sohr, Alexander (2019) Modelling of Emergency Vehicles Route Choice with Use of Trajectory Data. In: MT-ITS 2019 - 6th International Conference on Models and Technologies for Intelligent Transportation Systems. MT-ITS, 5.-7.Juni 2019, Krakau, Polen. DOI: 10.1109/MTITS.2019.8883323 ISBN 978-153869484-8

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Official URL: https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/servlet/opac?punumber=8882116

Abstract

Timing issue is very critical for emergency service. Due to the increasing traffic it has become more and more challenging for emergency vehicles to reach their destinations within a given service period in cities, especially during rush hours. Therefore, there is a need to model routing strategies to support emergency vehicles. Microscopic traffic simulation can therefore be an adequate decision-support tool for route strategies analysis. The GPS positions of 24 emergency vehicles in Brunswick have been tracked over a time period of 5 years. In this paper, the route choice behavior of emergency vehicles is analyzed with the collected trajectory data in Brunswick, Germany. In addition, microscopic traffic simulation is also used to understand the deviation between simulated and real route choices. For this purpose an emergency vehicle model was implemented in the traffic simulation SUMO. The emergency vehicle model allows vehicle in the simulation to violate red traffic lights and force other traffic participants to give way etc. Emergency vehicle drivers have time pressure when they are on duty. Furthermore, the likelihood for emergency vehicle drivers being involved in a traffic accident is significant higher than for private vehicles. Therefore, their concern on route choice may be different from that of other normal road users. Besides travel time the other essential route choice factors are also investigated and derived for developing the respective route choice model so that the costs of the simulated routes of emergency vehicles are close to those in the reality. It is expected that the developed model can be transferable and applied in other cities

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/131311/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Modelling of Emergency Vehicles Route Choice with Use of Trajectory Data
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Bieker-Walz, Lauralaura.bieker (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-7404-4861
Flötteröd, Yun-PangYun-Pang.Floetteroed (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Sohr, AlexanderAlexander.Sohr (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-6698-2092
Date:5 June 2019
Journal or Publication Title:MT-ITS 2019 - 6th International Conference on Models and Technologies for Intelligent Transportation Systems
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:No
DOI :10.1109/MTITS.2019.8883323
Series Name:IEEE Xplore digital Library
ISBN:978-153869484-8
Status:Published
Keywords:emergency vehicle, traffic modeling, map matching, simulation
Event Title:MT-ITS
Event Location:Krakau, Polen
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:5.-7.Juni 2019
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Transport
HGF - Program Themes:Road Transport
DLR - Research area:Transport
DLR - Program:V ST Straßenverkehr
DLR - Research theme (Project):V - D.MoVe
Location: Berlin-Adlershof
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Transportation Systems > Evaluation of Transportation
Deposited By: Bieker-Walz, Laura
Deposited On:02 Dec 2019 13:02
Last Modified:02 Dec 2019 13:02

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