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Characterization of alloys for a new generation of metals for additive manufacturing by Near-Field Ptychographic Tomography

da Silva, Julio Cesar and Barriobero Vila, Pere and Bugelnig, Katrin and Hecht, Ulrike and Gussone, Joachim and Cloetens, Peter and Sket, Federico and Haubrich, Jan and Requena, Guillermo (2019) Characterization of alloys for a new generation of metals for additive manufacturing by Near-Field Ptychographic Tomography. UDM3: Exploiting coherent X-rays at ESRF, 06. Feb. 2019, Grenoble, Frankreich.

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Official URL: https://www.esrf.eu/fr/home/events/conferences/2019/user-meeting-2019/Microsymposia/UDM3.html

Abstract

Additive manufacturing (AM) represents a change of paradigm across multiple industries such as the aerospace, biomedical and automotive sectors. One of its key strengths is the fabrication of components with complex geometries providing inner channels for cooling fluids or bionic load-optimized structures of minimal weight not achievable by conventional production methods. Nevertheless, current alloys for AM are based on conventional compositions, which results in complex and costly process chains[1]. It is therefore essential to create new metals tailored to exploit the unique metallurgical conditions of AM. We are currently developing two novel high strength alloys with ultrafine eutectic microstructure: a titanium-rich Ti-32.5wt%Fe-(Sn,Nb) and an iron-rich Fe-15wt%Ti-(Nb,Zr) alloys. This is the first attempt to produce ultrafine Ti- and Fe-based eutectics by AM. To characterize such ultrafine microstructures, one needs a very high resolution imaging technique that does not require slicing the sample and enables imaging relatively bulky samples. The emerging variant of ptychographic-tomography in synchrotrons, the Near-Field X-ray X-ray Computed Ptychography (NF-PXCT)[2], is capable to image the samples in 3D with a relatively large field-of-view and high resolution. We present here the results of the characterization of the ultra-fine structure of Ti-32.5wt%Fe produced by selective laser melting using high-energy NF-PXCT, which was performed at ID16A beamline[3,4] of the ESRF. NF-PXCT takes full advantage of the X-ray transverse coherence and nanofocus at beamline to provide 3D image of unprecedented resolution and contrast sensitivity of the structure of the alloys. The fine details were imaged down to a resolution of ~30 nm with a voxel size of 15 nm. This paves the way for the new characterization methods of the eutectic metallic mixtures with nanometric resolution by X-rays. The results help us to understand the dynamics of melting and the velocity of the solidification front during AM. These alloys will constitute a new generation of high strength metallic/intermetallic structural materials and will enable novel technological developments in automotive, aero-engine and tooling areas. References [1] - F.H. Froes et al., Advanced Materials Research 1019, 19 (2014). [2] - Stockmar et al., Optics Express 23, 12720 (2015). [3] - J.C. da Silva et al., SPIE proc. 10389, 103890F (2017). [4] - J.C. da Silva et al., Optica 4, 492 (2017).

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/130542/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Characterization of alloys for a new generation of metals for additive manufacturing by Near-Field Ptychographic Tomography
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
da Silva, Julio Cesarjdasilva (at) esrf.frhttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-8035-0550
Barriobero Vila, PerePere.BarrioberoVila (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Bugelnig, KatrinKatrin.Bugelnig (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Hecht, UlrikeACCESS eV, AachenUNSPECIFIED
Gussone, JoachimJoachim.Gussone (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Cloetens, PeterESRF GrenobleUNSPECIFIED
Sket, FedericoIMDEA Materials InstituteUNSPECIFIED
Haubrich, JanJan.Haubrich (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Requena, GuillermoGuillermo.Requena (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:2019
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:3D-Druck
Event Title:UDM3: Exploiting coherent X-rays at ESRF
Event Location:Grenoble, Frankreich
Event Type:Workshop
Event Dates:06. Feb. 2019
Organizer:ESRF
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:fixed-wing aircraft
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L AR - Aircraft Research
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Structures and Materials
Location: Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Materials Research > Metallic Structures and Hybrid Material Systems
Deposited By: Haubrich, Jan
Deposited On:14 Nov 2019 17:38
Last Modified:14 Nov 2019 17:38

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