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Designing a fusion of visible and infra-red camera streams for remote tower operations

Papenfuss, Anne and Reuschling, Fabian and Jakobi, Jörn and Rambau, Tim and Michaelsen, Eckart and Scherer-Negenborn, Norbert (2020) Designing a fusion of visible and infra-red camera streams for remote tower operations. In: SANER 2020 - Proceedings of the 2020 IEEE 27th International Conference on Software Analysis, Evolution, and Reengineering. IEEE Aerospace Conference, 7.-14.03.2020, Big Sky, Montana. ISBN 978-172815143-4.

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Abstract

The research project INVIDEON evaluated requirements, technical solutions and the benefit of fusing visible (VIS) and infra-red (IR) spectrum camera streams into a single panorama video stream. In this paper, the design process for developing a usable and accepted fusion is described. As both sensors have strengthens and weaknesses, INVIDEON proposes a fused panorama optimized out of both sensors to be presented to the ATC officer (ATCO). This paper gives an overview of the project and reports results of acceptance and usability of the INVIDEON solution. The process of supporting the definition of requirements by means of rapid prototyping and taking a user-centered approach is described. Main findings of requirements for fusing VIS and IR camera data for remote tower operations are highlighted and set into context with the air traffic controller’s tasks. A specific fusion approach was developed within the project and evaluated by means of recorded IR and VIS data. For evaluation, a testbed was set up at a regional airport and data representing different visibility conditions were selected out of 70 days data recordings. Five air traffic controllers participated in the final evaluation. Subjective data on perceived usability, situational awareness and trust in automation was assessed. Furthermore, qualitative data on HMI design and optimization potential from debriefings and comments was collected and clustered.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/129598/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Designing a fusion of visible and infra-red camera streams for remote tower operations
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Papenfuss, Anneanne.papenfusss (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-0686-7006
Reuschling, Fabianfabian.reuschling (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Jakobi, JörnJoern.Jakobi (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Rambau, Timtim.rambau (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Michaelsen, Eckarteckart.michaelsen (at) iosb.fraunhofer.deUNSPECIFIED
Scherer-Negenborn, Norbertnorbert.scherer-negenborn (at) iosb.fraunhofer.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:March 2020
Journal or Publication Title:SANER 2020 - Proceedings of the 2020 IEEE 27th International Conference on Software Analysis, Evolution, and Reengineering
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:No
ISBN:978-172815143-4
Status:Published
Keywords:Remote Tower, Human Factors, Image Fusion
Event Title:IEEE Aerospace Conference
Event Location:Big Sky, Montana
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:7.-14.03.2020
Organizer:IEEE
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:air traffic management and operations
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L AO - Air Traffic Management and Operation
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Human factors and safety in Aeronautics (old)
Location: Braunschweig
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Flight Guidance > Systemergonomy
Institute of Flight Guidance > ATM-Simulation
Deposited By: Papenfuß, Anne
Deposited On:27 Oct 2020 11:58
Last Modified:13 Jan 2021 22:12

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