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Eye-Tracking Metrics as an Indicator of Workload in Commercial Single-Pilot Operations

Faulhaber, Anja and Friedrich, Maik (2019) Eye-Tracking Metrics as an Indicator of Workload in Commercial Single-Pilot Operations. In: Communications in Computer and Information Science, 3. Springer. The 3rd International Symposium on Human Mental Workload: Models and Applications, 14.-15. Nov. 2019, Rom, Italien. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-32423-0_14 ISBN 978-303032422-3 ISSN 1865-0929

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There is a current trend in commercial aviation that points toward a possible transition from two-crew to single-pilot operations (SPO). The workload on the single pilot is expected to be a major issue for SPO. In order to find the best support solutions for the pilot in SPO, a thorough understanding of pilot workload is required. The present study aims at evaluating pilot workload by means of eye-tracking metrics. A flight simulator study was conducted with commercial pilots. Their task was to fly short approach and landing scenarios with or without the support of a second pilot. The results showed that fixation frequencies were higher during SPO, average dwell durations decreased, and participants transitioned more frequently between different areas of interest. These results suggest that particularly the temporal demand might be an issue for a possible transition to SPO. The eye-tracking metrics support results obtained from subjective workload ratings.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/129388/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Eye-Tracking Metrics as an Indicator of Workload in Commercial Single-Pilot Operations
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Faulhaber, Anjaa.faulhaber (at) tu-braunschweig.deUNSPECIFIED
Friedrich, MaikMaik.Friedrich (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Journal or Publication Title:Communications in Computer and Information Science
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
DOI :10.1007/978-3-030-32423-0_14
Series Name:Communications in Computer and Information Science
Keywords:Single-pilot, Commercial aviation, Workload, Temporal demand, Eye tracking
Event Title:The 3rd International Symposium on Human Mental Workload: Models and Applications
Event Location:Rom, Italien
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:14.-15. Nov. 2019
Organizer:H-WORKLOAD models and applications
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:air traffic management and operations
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L AO - Air Traffic Management and Operation
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Human factors and safety in Aeronautics
Location: Braunschweig
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Flight Guidance > Systemergonomy
Deposited By: Friedrich, Maik
Deposited On:18 Nov 2019 10:06
Last Modified:27 Jan 2020 13:33

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