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Comparison of Tomographic SAR Reflectivity Reconstruction Algorithms for Forest Applications at L-band

Cazcarra-Bes, Victor and Pardini, Matteo and Tello Alonso, Maria and Papathanassiou, Konstantinos (2019) Comparison of Tomographic SAR Reflectivity Reconstruction Algorithms for Forest Applications at L-band. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing. IEEE - Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. DOI: 10.1109/TGRS.2019.2934347 ISSN 0196-2892

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Forest structure is a key parameter for forest applications, but it is difficult to be estimated at the required spatial and temporal scales. In this context, synthetic aperture radar Tomography (TomoSAR) that allows, at lower frequencies, the 3-D imaging of natural volume scatterers with high spatial and temporal resolution may be a game changer. The aim of this article is to evaluate three TomoSAR algorithms, Fourier beamforming (FB), Capon beamforming (CB), and compressive sensing (CS) with respect to their performance in the reconstruction of the 3-D forest reflectivity. The implications of volumetric forest scattering, as well as the temporal decorrelation of scatterers, are analyzed. The algorithms are compared on a set of simulated scenarios and then evaluated on an experimental L-band data set composed by four acquisition dates, each one consisting of five tomographic tracks. The data were acquired in 2014, within a time span of two months, over the Traunstein forest (Germany) using the F-SAR system. Additionally, discrete airborne Lidar has been used for a qualitative evaluation. The results indicate that the CS reconstruction is, for many practical cases, superior when compared to FB or CB reconstructions as they achieve higher vertical resolution, especially in cases with a lower number of acquisitions and complex forest scenarios. By combining acquisitions performed at different days, the effect of temporal decorrelation on each algorithm for two different tomographic implementations (repeat-pass vs. single-pass) has been assessed. The results indicate that simultaneously acquired image pairs allow a better reconstruction of the 3-D forest reflectivity.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/129070/
Document Type:Article
Title:Comparison of Tomographic SAR Reflectivity Reconstruction Algorithms for Forest Applications at L-band
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Cazcarra-Bes, VictorVictor.CazcarraBes (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-6776-4553
Pardini, MatteoMatteo.Pardini (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-2018-7514
Tello Alonso, MariaMaria.TelloAlonso (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Papathanassiou, KonstantinosKostas.Papathanassiou (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:September 2019
Journal or Publication Title:IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
DOI :10.1109/TGRS.2019.2934347
Publisher:IEEE - Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Keywords:Capon beamforming (CB),compressive sensing (CS) ,forest applications, forest structure, Fourier beamforming (FB), L-band,synthetic aperture radar (SAR) ,tomography.
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Earth Observation
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben Multi-dimensionale SAR-Auswertung
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Microwaves and Radar Institute > Radar Concepts
Deposited By: Cazcarra-Bes, Victor
Deposited On:11 Sep 2019 08:09
Last Modified:11 Sep 2019 08:09

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