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ESD Reviews: Climate feedbacks in the Earth system and prospects for their evaluation

Heinze, Christoph and Eyring, Veronika and Friedlingstein, Pierre and Jones, Colin and Balkanski, Yves and Collins, William J. and Fichefet, Thierry and Gao, Shuang and Hall, Alex D. and Ivanova, Detelina and Knorr, Wolfgang and Knutti, Reto and Löw, Alexander and Ponater, Michael and Schultz, Martin and Schulz, Michael and Siebesma, Pier and Teixeira, Joao and Tselioudis, Giorgos and Vancoppenolle, Martin (2019) ESD Reviews: Climate feedbacks in the Earth system and prospects for their evaluation. Earth System Dynamics, pp. 379-452. Copernicus Publications. DOI: 10.5194/esd-10-379-2019 ISSN 2190-4979

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Official URL: https://www.earth-syst-dynam.net/10/379/2019/

Abstract

Earth system models (ESMs) are key tools for providing climate projections under different scenarios of human-induced forcing. ESMs include a large number of additional processes and feedbacks such as biogeochemical cycles that traditional physical climate models do not consider. Yet, some processes such as cloud dynamics and ecosystem functional response still have fairly high uncertainties. In this article, we present an overview of climate feedbacks for Earth system components currently included in state-of-the-art ESMs and Climate feedbacks in the Earth system and prospects for their evaluation discuss the challenges to evaluate and quantify them. Uncertainties in feedback quantification arise from the interdependencies of biogeochemical matter fluxes and physical properties, the spatial and temporal heterogeneity of processes, and the lack of long-term continuous observational data to constrain them.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/128604/
Document Type:Article
Title:ESD Reviews: Climate feedbacks in the Earth system and prospects for their evaluation
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Heinze, ChristophUniversity of BergenUNSPECIFIED
Eyring, VeronikaDLR, IPAhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-6887-4885
Friedlingstein, PierreCollege of Engineering, Mathematics and Physical Sciences, University of Exeter, Devon, UKUNSPECIFIED
Jones, ColinUniversity of LeedsUNSPECIFIED
Balkanski, YvesLSCE, CEA-CNRS-UVSQ, FUNSPECIFIED
Collins, William J.Univ. of Reading, Reading, UKUNSPECIFIED
Fichefet, ThierryUniversite catholique de Louvain, BelgiumUNSPECIFIED
Gao, ShuangInstitute of Marine Research, Bergen, NorwayUNSPECIFIED
Hall, Alex D.Univ. of California, Los Angeles, CA, USAUNSPECIFIED
Ivanova, DetelinaNERSC, Bergen, NorwayUNSPECIFIED
Knorr, WolfgangDepartment of Physical Geography and Ecosystem Science, Lund, SwedenUNSPECIFIED
Knutti, RetoETH Zürich, CHUNSPECIFIED
Löw, AlexanderLudwig-Maxilillians-Universität, MünchenUNSPECIFIED
Ponater, MichaelDLR, IPAhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-9771-4733
Schultz, MartinFZ, JuelichUNSPECIFIED
Schulz, MichaelNorwegian Meteorological Inst., Oslo, NorwayUNSPECIFIED
Siebesma, PierKNMI, De Bilt, NLUNSPECIFIED
Teixeira, JoaoJPL, USAUNSPECIFIED
Tselioudis, GiorgosNASAUNSPECIFIED
Vancoppenolle, MartinSorbonne Universite, DNRS/IRD/MNHN, Paris, FRUNSPECIFIED
Date:10 July 2019
Journal or Publication Title:Earth System Dynamics
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:Yes
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
DOI :10.5194/esd-10-379-2019
Page Range:pp. 379-452
Publisher:Copernicus Publications
ISSN:2190-4979
Status:Published
Keywords:Climate modelling, climate model evaluation, climate feedbacks
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Earth Observation
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben Atmosphären- und Klimaforschung
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Atmospheric Physics > Earth System Model Evaluation and Analysis
Institute of Atmospheric Physics > Earth System Modelling
Deposited By: Langer, Michaela
Deposited On:22 Aug 2019 14:17
Last Modified:22 Aug 2019 14:17

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