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Automatic Train Coupling: Challenges and Key Enablers

Soliman, Mohammad and Siemons, J. and Kochems, Jakob and Shamshoom, Jeries and Heberling, D. and Dekorsy, Armin (2019) Automatic Train Coupling: Challenges and Key Enablers. IEEE Communications Magazine. IEEE - Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. DOI: 10.1109/MCOM.2019.1800942 ISSN 0163-6804

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Official URL: https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/8847223


Railways are the safest and most energy efficient means of land transportation. Unfortunately, they are less attractive than other transportation means due to the relatively high ticket prices and unreliable travel times. Both are a consequence of high running and maintenance costs and the inefficient usage of the railway infrastructure. In this article, we introduce new railway applications that increase railway safety and track-use. This will accordingly decrease running costs. For instance, automatic train coupling will enable trains to automatically couple when they use the same track section and to automatically separate when they are required to use different tracks. This will enhance energy efficiency, track use, and running costs while maintaining the safety requirements. To enable such an application, we introduce an ultra-reliable and low-latency (URLLC) millimeter-wave (mmWave) wireless communication system, namely the SBDist system, which provides direct communication and ranging between trains. We show from measurements data and simulations that the SBDist system achieves round-trip latency values below 50µs and that the packet error rate (PER) values are enhanced by using circularly polarized antennas and applying a novel redundancy scheme.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/128341/
Document Type:Article
Title:Automatic Train Coupling: Challenges and Key Enablers
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Soliman, MohammadMohammad.Soliman (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-7261-7996
Shamshoom, JeriesJeries.Shamshoom (at) ifs.rwth-aachen.deUNSPECIFIED
Dekorsy, Armindekorsy (at) ant.uni-bremen.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:30 September 2019
Journal or Publication Title:IEEE Communications Magazine
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
DOI :10.1109/MCOM.2019.1800942
Publisher:IEEE - Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Keywords:Automatic coupling, URLLC, mmWave, railway, T2T, communication, propagation measurements, hardware implementation, system design
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Transport
HGF - Program Themes:Rail Transport
DLR - Research area:Transport
DLR - Program:V SC Schienenverkehr
DLR - Research theme (Project):V - NGT BIT
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Communication and Navigation > Communications Systems
Deposited By: Soliman, Mohammad
Deposited On:29 Jul 2019 09:07
Last Modified:25 Oct 2019 09:26

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