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Developing a user typology considering unimodal and intermodal mobility behavior: a cluster analysis approach using survey data

Oostendorp, Rebekka and Nieland, Simon and Gebhardt, Laura (2019) Developing a user typology considering unimodal and intermodal mobility behavior: a cluster analysis approach using survey data. European Transport Research Review, 11 (33), pp. 1-18. Springer. doi: 10.1186/s12544-019-0369-1. ISSN 1867-0717.

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Official URL: https://etrr.springeropen.com/articles/10.1186/s12544-019-0369-1


This paper aims to develop a user typology which enables user-specific analyses in respect of mobility behavior. It addresses the challenge of integrating unimodal and intermodal travel behavior into a user typology to obtain an overview of intermodal users within the context of their overall mobility behavior. The user typology is based on two cluster analyses (agglomerative hierarchical clustering) which use quantitative survey data on unimodal and intermodal mobility behavior obtained for Berlin, Germany. One cluster analysis was performed for unimodal use and one for intermodal mode use to take into account the users’ relatively low use of intermodal modes as well. The analyses resulted in 6 intermodal and 5 unimodal clusters based on users’ mobility behavior. Since in each case every individual is assigned to one intermodal and one unimodal cluster, the resulting intermodal and unimodal clusters were then combined in order to represent the overall mobility behavior of each individual as mobility types. The mobility types are further characterized by information on socio-demographics and mobility resources obtained from the dataset. These enhanced mobility types (EMT) provide a clearer impression of the users’ characteristics and needs. This user typology takes account of the wide range of mobility options available in cities today and the resulting diversity in people’s mobility behavior. To enable us to address the needs of users who combine several modes of transport within one trip, the proposed procedure approaches the challenge of integrating intermodal behavior into user types. The results provide a user typology which combines intermodal and unimodal travel behavior with personal characteristics and enable researchers and practitioners to work on user-specific research questions and planning tasks.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/128192/
Document Type:Article
Title:Developing a user typology considering unimodal and intermodal mobility behavior: a cluster analysis approach using survey data
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Oostendorp, RebekkaUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-3675-3931UNSPECIFIED
Nieland, SimonUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-1116-0646UNSPECIFIED
Gebhardt, LauraUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-0167-8481UNSPECIFIED
Journal or Publication Title:European Transport Research Review
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Page Range:pp. 1-18
Keywords:Mobility types, Mobility behavior, Intermodality, User-centered approach, Empirical survey data, Agglomerative hierarchical clustering
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Transport
HGF - Program Themes:Transport System
DLR - Research area:Transport
DLR - Program:V VS - Verkehrssystem
DLR - Research theme (Project):V - UrMo Digital (old)
Location: Berlin-Adlershof
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Transport Research > Mobility and Urban Development
Deposited By: Oostendorp, Dr. Rebekka
Deposited On:31 Jul 2019 16:51
Last Modified:03 Nov 2023 09:50

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