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A Survey of Air-to-Ground Propagation Channel Modeling for Unmanned Aerial Vehicles

Khawaja, Wahab and Guvenc, Ismail and Matolak, David and Schneckenburger, Nicolas and Fiebig, Uwe-Carsten (2019) A Survey of Air-to-Ground Propagation Channel Modeling for Unmanned Aerial Vehicles. IEEE Communications Surveys and Tutorials. IEEE - Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. DOI: 10.1109/COMST.2019.2915069 ISSN 1553-877X

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Official URL: https://www.comsoc.org/publications/journals/ieee-comst

Abstract

In recent years, there has been a dramatic increase in the use of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), particularly for small UAVs, due to their affordable prices, wide availability, and relative ease of operability. Existing and future applications of UAVs include remote surveillance and monitoring, relief operations, package delivery, and communication back-haul infrastructure. Additionally, UAVs are envisioned as an important component of 5G wireless technology and beyond. The unique application scenarios for UAVs necessitate accurate air-to-ground (AG) propagation channel models for designing and evaluating UAV communication links for control/non-payload as well as payload data transmissions. These AG propagation models have not been investigated in detail, relative to terrestrial propagation models. In this paper, a comprehensive survey is provided on available AG channel measurement campaigns, large and small scale fading channel models, their limitations, and future research directions for UAV communication Scenarios.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/128128/
Document Type:Article
Title:A Survey of Air-to-Ground Propagation Channel Modeling for Unmanned Aerial Vehicles
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Khawaja, WahabNorth Carolina State Universityhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-6940-9950
Guvenc, IsmailNorth Carolina State Universityhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-1387-6242
Matolak, DavidMATOLAK (at) cec.sc.eduhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-7469-4864
Schneckenburger, NicolasNicolas.Schneckenburger (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-9952-7555
Fiebig, Uwe-CarstenUwe-Carsten.Fiebig (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-2736-1140
Date:2019
Journal or Publication Title:IEEE Communications Surveys and Tutorials
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
DOI :10.1109/COMST.2019.2915069
Publisher:IEEE - Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
ISSN:1553-877X
Status:Published
Keywords:air-to-ground (AG), channel measurement, channel modeling, drone, large and small scale fading, sounding, unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV)
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:air traffic management and operations
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L AO - Air Traffic Management and Operation
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Air Traffic Concepts and Operation
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Communication and Navigation > Communications Systems
Deposited By: Fiebig, Dr.-Ing. Uwe-Carsten
Deposited On:26 Jun 2019 15:00
Last Modified:11 Dec 2019 13:32

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