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Impact of Simultaneous Movements on the Perception of Safety, Workload and Task Difficulty in a Multiple Remote Tower Environment

Hagl, Maria and Friedrich, Maik and Jakobi, Jörn and Schier, Sebastian and Stockdale, Christopher (2019) Impact of Simultaneous Movements on the Perception of Safety, Workload and Task Difficulty in a Multiple Remote Tower Environment. IEEE. AeroConf 2019 IEEE Aerospace Conference, 4.-8. Mär. 2019, Big Sky, Montana.

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Providing air traffic service to more than one aerodrome is a key concept within Remote Tower. So-called Multiple Remote Tower Operations (MRTO) are expected to be more cost-efficient and user-friendly. On the one hand, their anticipated benefit is to maintain smaller airports that are currently non-profitable due to low traffic numbers, high staffand tower maintenance costs. On the other hand, MTRO offer equally distributed and constant activity for air traffic controllers (ATCOs), with the expectation to lower risks of human error due to boredom or sleepiness at work. However, multiple tasking challenges arise if one ATCO needs to handle traffic at three airports simultaneously. Thus, combinations of visual, audio, vocal and haptic tasks need to be performed for more than just one location. Therefore, this paper addresses the impact of simultaneous movements on perceived safety, workload and task difficulty. Descriptive results show that with the increase of simultaneous movements, providing ATC is perceived as being more efficiency-critical, more demanding in workload and task difficulty increases as well. It was not tested if the differences were significant, since statistical conditions have not been met. Results show that no situation containing simultaneous movements was perceived as a threat to safety, good workload or the ability to provide ATC. The discussion shows why the impact of simultaneous movements might not only affect MRTO but also single remote or conventional tower environments.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/127430/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Impact of Simultaneous Movements on the Perception of Safety, Workload and Task Difficulty in a Multiple Remote Tower Environment
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Hagl, MariaMaria.Hagl (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Friedrich, MaikMaik.Friedrich (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Jakobi, JörnJoern.Jakobi (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Schier, Sebastiansebastian.schier (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Stockdale, ChristopherChristopher.Stockdale (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:March 2019
Refereed publication:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Keywords:Remote Tower; Workload; Perception of Safety
Event Title:AeroConf 2019 IEEE Aerospace Conference
Event Location:Big Sky, Montana
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:4.-8. Mär. 2019
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:air traffic management and operations
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L AO - Air Traffic Management and Operation
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Human factors and safety in Aeronautics
Location: Braunschweig
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Flight Control > Systemergonomy
Deposited By: Friedrich, Maik
Deposited On:31 Jul 2019 12:26
Last Modified:31 Jul 2019 12:26

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