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Hyperbolic Vehicle Localization Using a Single Signal of Opportunity and Trajectory Constraints

Siebler, Benjamin and Schmidhammer, Martin and Sand, Stephan (2019) Hyperbolic Vehicle Localization Using a Single Signal of Opportunity and Trajectory Constraints. In: 22nd International Conference on Information Fusion, FUSION 2019. International Conference on Information Fusion (FUSION), 2.-5. Juli 2019, Ottawa, Kanada.

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This paper proposes a new vehicle localization method using signals of opportunity (SoO) from a single source. The method is based on the time difference of arrival (TDoA) of a SoO, transmitted by a base station (BS) and received by two antennas on the vehicle. To measure the TDoA the vehicle antennas are connected to synchronized receivers. For localization it is further assumed that the baseline between the vehicle antennas is known or at least measurable. However, a single TDoA measurement is not sufficient for estimating the vehicle location. Therefore, prior information about constraints on the vehicle trajectory, such as roads or railway tracks, is incorporated in the estimation. The feasibility of the proposed method is shown by deriving the positioning Cramer-Rao lower bound (CRLB) for road and railway vehicles. Based on the CRLB the achievable localization accuracy is evaluated in a simulation study. In the evaluation the effect of different geometries between the receivers and the BS is analyzed and the relevant parameters with respect to the achievable localization accuracy are identified.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/127376/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Hyperbolic Vehicle Localization Using a Single Signal of Opportunity and Trajectory Constraints
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Siebler, Benjaminbenjamin.siebler (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Schmidhammer, Martinmartin.schmidhammer (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Sand, StephanStephan.Sand (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-9502-5654
Journal or Publication Title:22nd International Conference on Information Fusion, FUSION 2019
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Keywords:Localization, Vehicles, CRLB, Signal of Opportunity
Event Title:International Conference on Information Fusion (FUSION)
Event Location:Ottawa, Kanada
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:2.-5. Juli 2019
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Transport
HGF - Program Themes:Rail Transport
DLR - Research area:Transport
DLR - Program:V SC Schienenverkehr
DLR - Research theme (Project):V - NGT BIT
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Communication and Navigation > Communications Systems
Deposited By: Siebler, Benjamin
Deposited On:20 May 2019 13:49
Last Modified:24 Feb 2022 18:41

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