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Arctic Sea Ice Classification and Validation using Multi Frequency Fully Polarimetric and Interferometric Airborne F-SAR System

Singha, Suman and Jäger, Marc (2019) Arctic Sea Ice Classification and Validation using Multi Frequency Fully Polarimetric and Interferometric Airborne F-SAR System. International Glaciological Society Sea Ice Symposium, 2019-08-18 - 2019-08-23, Winnipeg, Canada.

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Official URL: https://www.igsoc.org/symposia/2019/winnipeg/proceedings/procsfiles/procabstracts_76.html#A3205

Abstract

Along with increasing scientific interest in sea ice, the operational aspect of high-resolution ice charting is becoming more important due to growing navigational possibilities in an increasingly ice-free Arctic, especially through the marginal ice zone. Despite proven sea-ice classification achievements on single polarimetric SAR data, a fully automated, general-purpose classifier for single-polarimetric data has not been established due to large variation and incidence-angle dependencies of SAR backscatter. Recently, through the advent of polarimetric SAR sensors, polarimetric features have moved into the focus of ice-classification research. The higher information content of four polarimetric channels promises to offer a greater insight into the sea-ice scattering mechanism. While airborne and shipborne radar cannot always be used during adverse weather conditions, it provides us with unique simultaneous multi-frequency and fully polarimetric and interferometric observations, which is not possible at the moment using space-borne sensors. In this study, fully polarimetric data in L-, S- and X-band simultaneously acquired by DLR’s FSAR system are investigated. The specific dataset was acquired in the framework of DLR-DALO ARCTIC’15 campaign over west Greenland. The proposed supervised classification algorithm consists of two steps: The first step comprises a feature extraction, the results of which are ingested into a neural network classifier in the second step for training and validation. The usefulness of different polarimetric features at different frequency bands is investigated using mutual information analysis along with quantitative comparison of classification results at different frequency bands. In this study we also investigated for the first time single-pass Across Track Interferometry (XTI)–derived sea-ice-freeboard measurement validation of our classification results with XTI-derived freeboard measurements.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/127243/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Additional Information:conference link: https://igswpg.com/
Title:Arctic Sea Ice Classification and Validation using Multi Frequency Fully Polarimetric and Interferometric Airborne F-SAR System
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Singha, SumanSuman.Singha (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-1880-6868
Jäger, MarcMarc.Jaeger (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-9685-2977
Date:August 2019
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:SAR, Arctic Sea Ice Classification, Sea Ice, L-Band, S-Band, X-Band, fully polarimetric, polarimetry, airborne, F-SAR
Event Title:International Glaciological Society Sea Ice Symposium
Event Location:Winnipeg, Canada
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:2019-08-18 - 2019-08-23
Organizer:International Glaciological Society (IGS)
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Earth Observation
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EO - Earth Observation
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - SAR methods
Location: Bremen , Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Remote Sensing Technology Institute > SAR Signal Processing
Microwaves and Radar Institute > SAR Technology
Deposited By: Kaps, Ruth
Deposited On:26 Apr 2019 10:38
Last Modified:31 Dec 2020 03:00

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