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Modelling and Simulation of Spacecraft Hardware based on Machine Learning Techniques

Nepal, Ayush Mani (2019) Modelling and Simulation of Spacecraft Hardware based on Machine Learning Techniques. Master's, Technische Universität Carolo-Wilhelmina in Braunschweig.

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Abstract

Research and development projects involving complex systems are often executed in a collaboration between engineers and scientists of various institutions. In such a collaboration, different parts of the system are developed by different companies located in different physical locations. Whenever this happens, testing the system and its components is difficult, since the adjacent hardware required to test the communication channels may not be available on site. This is further problematic in the space industry, because replicating a spacecraft hardware is expensive and arises other technical difficulties as every hardware is a prototype. A solution to this problem is to use a hardware emulator application in the development cycle of the OBSW which can reflect the true hardware behaviour and can be shared easily between the distributed development teams. However, precise low-level hardware emulators are very tedious to build and require deep domain knowledge. A noble alternative solution to this problem is to learn a black-box model from the temporal data-space of the candidate hardware using a ML algorithm which can reflect the realistic hardware behaviour. RNN based models with the LSTM and GRU memory units are excellent in learning sequences and are able to capture long-range dependencies in the temporal dataset. In this study, different LSTM and GRU models are applied to the task of modelling a physical hardware system. Input and output signals from the real hardware are used to train the RNN models following a supervised learning method. The obtained result show that both types of RNN models are capable of simulating the realistic hardware behaviour with a considerable accuracy. The performance of the well configured GRU model is seen to be slightly better than that of the equivalent LSTM model. Nevertheless, the signals predicted by both RNN models showed more than 90% resemblance to the actual signals obtained from the hardware in their frequency spectrum.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/127083/
Document Type:Thesis (Master's)
Title:Modelling and Simulation of Spacecraft Hardware based on Machine Learning Techniques
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Nepal, Ayush ManiAyush.Nepal (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:2019
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Number of Pages:106
Status:Published
Keywords:Machine Learning, Space Systems, Modeling of Complex Systems
Institution:Technische Universität Carolo-Wilhelmina in Braunschweig
Department:Institut für rechnergestützte Modellierung im Bauingenieurwesen (iRMB)
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Space Technology
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R SY - Technik für Raumfahrtsysteme
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben SISTEC
Location: Braunschweig
Institutes and Institutions:Institut of Simulation and Software Technology
Institut of Simulation and Software Technology > Software for Space Systems and Interactive Visualisation
Deposited By: Prat i Sala, Arnau
Deposited On:20 May 2019 08:25
Last Modified:31 Jul 2019 20:24

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