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Impact analysis of automated and connected driving in passenger and freight transport

Stark, Kerstin and Kolarova, Viktoriya and Lobig, Anika (2018) Impact analysis of automated and connected driving in passenger and freight transport. RGS Annual International Conference, Cardiff.

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(Überblicksvortrag zum Thema der Konferenz-Session) Automated driving is expected to radically change the mobility of persons and goods and will have impacts on urban designs and spatial planning as well as residential selection and location decisions of retailers. Regarding the increasingly accepted ideal of the livable city as being compact, walkable and bikeable, automated driving may have ambivalent effects. It may increase road safety especially for cyclists and pedestrians due to technical superiority. Self-driving vehicles for both, passenger and commercial transport, may reduce the volume of traffic, due to the more efficient use of road capacity as well as due to decreasing levels of vehicle ownership in favor of sharing. It may enable the re-utilization of road and parking spaces for the sake of public spaces and new solutions for last mile logistics. Moreover, automated driving at least in combination with electric-mobility may help to overcome current challenges in urban transport like congestion, emissions and noise. By contrast, automated driving bears risks for the livable city. Especially in the transition period, separating and fencing the automated vehicles might be a viable solution resulting in an even more car-oriented environment. Motorized traffic may increase further while the occupancy rate decreases due to empty trips. Further, automated driving may potentially reduce the value of travel time savings when people can take their hands off of the steering wheel and undertake other activities while travelling. This may influence residential selection strategies and lead to new movements of urban sprawl. It is not clear if und when fully automated vehicles will stand by as regular means of transportation. However, a growing body of research is underway to investigate the topic of automated driving. Yet, while there is a clear focus on technical aspects and feasibility, matters of acceptance and effects on a societal level are underrepresented.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/127057/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Impact analysis of automated and connected driving in passenger and freight transport
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Stark, KerstinUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-1129-9015UNSPECIFIED
Lobig, AnikaUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0009-0001-9766-4975UNSPECIFIED
Date:30 August 2018
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Keywords:Automatisiertes Fahren, soziotechnischer Ansatz
Event Title:RGS Annual International Conference
Event Location:Cardiff
Event Type:international Conference
Organizer:Royal Geography Society with IBG
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Transport
HGF - Program Themes:Transport System
DLR - Research area:Transport
DLR - Program:V VS - Verkehrssystem
DLR - Research theme (Project):V - Zukunftsbilder eines automatisierten integrierten Verkehrssystems (old)
Location: Berlin-Adlershof
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Transport Research > Mobility and Urban Development
Institute of Transport Research > Commercial Transport
Institute of Transport Research > Passenger Transport
Deposited By: Stark, Dr. Kerstin
Deposited On:20 May 2019 17:01
Last Modified:29 Mar 2023 00:41

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