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Ozone–climate interactions and effects on solar ultraviolet radiation

Bais, Alkiviadis F. and Bernhard, Germar and McKenzie, Richard L. and Aucamp, P. J. and Young, P. J. and Ilyas, M. and Jöckel, Patrick and Deushi, Makoto (2019) Ozone–climate interactions and effects on solar ultraviolet radiation. Photochemical & Photobiological Sciences. Royal Society of Chemistry. DOI: 10.1039/C8PP90059K ISSN 1474-905X

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/C8PP90059K

Abstract

This report assesses the effects of stratospheric ozone depletion and anticipated ozone recovery on the intensity of ultraviolet (UV) radiation at the Earth’s surface. Interactions between changes in ozone and changes in climate, as well as their effects on UV radiation, are also considered. These evaluations focus mainly on new knowledge gained from research conducted during the last four years. Furthermore, drivers of changes in UV radiation other than ozone are discussed and their relative importance is assessed. The most important of these factors, namely clouds, aerosols and surface reflectivity, are related to changes in climate, and some of their effects on short- and long-term variations of UV radiation have already been identified from measurements. Finally, projected future developments in stratospheric ozone, climate, and other factors affecting UV radiation have been used to estimate changes in solar UV stradiation from the present to the end of the 21 century. New instruments and methods have been assessed with respect to their ability to provide useful and accurate information for monitoring solar UV radiation at the Earth’s surface and for determining relevant exposures of humans. Evidence since the last assessment reconfirms that systematic and accurate long-term measurements of UV radiation and strato- spheric ozone are essential for assessing the effectiveness of the Montreal Protocol and its Amendments and adjustments. Finally, we have assessed aspects of UV radiation related to biological effects and human health, as well as implications for UV radiation from possible solar radiation management (geoengineering) methods to mitigate climate change.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/126732/
Document Type:Article
Title:Ozone–climate interactions and effects on solar ultraviolet radiation
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Bais, Alkiviadis F.Aristotle Univ., Thessaloniki, GriechenlandUNSPECIFIED
Bernhard, GermarBiospherical Instruments Inc., San Diego, CA, USAUNSPECIFIED
McKenzie, Richard L.NIWA, Lauder, NeuseelandUNSPECIFIED
Aucamp, P. J.Ptersa Environmental Management Consultants, PO Box 915751, Faerie Glen, South AfricaUNSPECIFIED
Young, P. J.Lancaster Univ., Lancaster, UKUNSPECIFIED
Ilyas, M.Univ. Perlis, Kangar, MalaysiaUNSPECIFIED
Jöckel, PatrickDLR, IPAhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-8964-1394
Deushi, MakotoMRI, Tsukuba, JapanUNSPECIFIED
Date:27 February 2019
Journal or Publication Title:Photochemical & Photobiological Sciences
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
DOI :10.1039/C8PP90059K
Publisher:Royal Society of Chemistry
ISSN:1474-905X
Status:Published
Keywords:ozone, climate, solar ultraviolet radiation, CCMI, EMAC
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Earth Observation
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben Atmosphären- und Klimaforschung, R - Project Climatic relevance of atmospheric tracer gases, aerosols and clouds
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Atmospheric Physics > Earth System Modelling
Deposited By: Jöckel, Dr. Patrick
Deposited On:25 Mar 2019 16:41
Last Modified:25 Mar 2019 16:41

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