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What the Hack Happened to the Flight Deck: Analyzing the Impact of Cyberattacks on Commercial Flight Crews

Buch, Jan-Philipp and Geister, Robert Manuel and Canzian, Luca and Gamba, Giovanni and Pozzobon, Oscar (2019) What the Hack Happened to the Flight Deck: Analyzing the Impact of Cyberattacks on Commercial Flight Crews. In: AIAA SciTech Forum. AIAA SciTech 2019, 07.-11.01.2019, San Diego, CA, USA. DOI: 10.2514/6.2019-0060

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Abstract

This paper presents the results of a simulator study on the impact of cybersecurity threats on commercial flight crews that has been carried out following a call for tender by the European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA). In particular, spoofing attacks on a Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS), ACARS attacks on the Flight Management System (FMS), and an attack on the FMS' navigation database were assessed. This assessment was performed in simulator trials using the AVES research simulator of the German Aerospace Center DLR. Type-rated commercial airline pilots were invited under false pretenses to take part in the experiments. Cyberattack scenario elements were developed based on their likelihood and expected safety impact. From these scenario elements operationally relevant scenarios were composed and implemented into AVES. Based on this, trials were conducted and the collected data was analyzed subsequently. This paper is going to present the setup of the study and the results obtained with focus on the flight crews' behavior. The paper concludes with recommendations for mitigating the effects of the identified cyber threats.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/125942/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:What the Hack Happened to the Flight Deck: Analyzing the Impact of Cyberattacks on Commercial Flight Crews
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Buch, Jan-PhilippJan-Philipp.Buch (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-5044-9864
Geister, Robert Manuelrobert.geister (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-0433-1635
Canzian, Lucaluca.canzian (at) qascom.itUNSPECIFIED
Gamba, Giovannigiovanni.gamba (at) qascom.itUNSPECIFIED
Pozzobon, Oscaroscar.pozzobon (at) qascom.itUNSPECIFIED
Date:7 January 2019
Journal or Publication Title:AIAA SciTech Forum
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
DOI :10.2514/6.2019-0060
Status:Published
Keywords:Cybersecurity, Human Factors, Security
Event Title:AIAA SciTech 2019
Event Location:San Diego, CA, USA
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:07.-11.01.2019
Organizer:AIAA
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:air traffic management and operations
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L AO - Air Traffic Management and Operation
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Human factors and safety in Aeronautics
Location: Braunschweig
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Flight Systems > Flight Dynamics and Simulation
Institute of Flight Control
Deposited By: Buch, Jan-Philipp
Deposited On:29 Jan 2019 12:21
Last Modified:29 Jan 2019 12:21

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