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Virtual Cockpit: an immersive head-worn display as human machine interface for helicopter operations

Ernst, Johannes M. and Peinecke, Niklas and Ebrecht, Lars and Schmerwitz, Sven and Döhler, Hans-Ullrich (2019) Virtual Cockpit: an immersive head-worn display as human machine interface for helicopter operations. Optical Engineering, 58 (5). Society of Photo-optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). DOI: 10.1117/1.OE.58.5.051807 ISSN 0091-3286

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1117/1.OE.58.5.051807

Abstract

Increasing the pilot's situation awareness is a major goal for the design of next generation aircraft cockpits. A fundamental problem poses the pilot's out-the-window view which is often degraded due to adverse weather, darkness, or the aircraft structure itself. A common approach to this problem is to generate an enhanced model of the surroundings via aircraft-mounted sensors and databases containing terrain and obstacle information. In the helicopter domain, the resulting picture of the environment is then presented to the pilot either via a panel-mounted display or via a see-through head-worn display. This paper investigates a third method for information display. The concept - called Virtual Cockpit - applies a non-see-through head-worn display. With such a virtual reality display, advantages of established synthetic and enhanced vision systems can be combined while existing limitations can be overcome. Besides a theoretical discussion of advantages and drawbacks, two practical implementations of this concept are shown for helicopter offshore operations exemplarily. Two human factors studies were conducted in a simulation environment based on the game engine Unity. They prove the general potential of the Virtual Cockpit to become a candidate for a future cockpit in the long-term.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/125666/
Document Type:Article
Title:Virtual Cockpit: an immersive head-worn display as human machine interface for helicopter operations
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Ernst, Johannes M.johannes.ernst (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-8238-3671
Peinecke, NiklasNiklas.Peinecke (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-6683-2323
Ebrecht, LarsLars.Ebrecht (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Schmerwitz, Svensven.schmerwitz (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Döhler, Hans-UllrichUlli.Doehler (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-5218-3887
Date:January 2019
Journal or Publication Title:Optical Engineering
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:58
DOI :10.1117/1.OE.58.5.051807
Editors:
EditorsEmail
Eismann, Michael T.UNSPECIFIED
Publisher:Society of Photo-optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE)
ISSN:0091-3286
Status:Published
Keywords:virtual reality, head-worn display, helmet-mounted display, degraded visual environment, enhanced vision
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:air traffic management and operations
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L AO - Air Traffic Management and Operation
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Efficient Flight Guidance
Location: Braunschweig
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Flight Control > Pilot Assistance
Deposited By: Ernst, Johannes Maria
Deposited On:31 Jul 2019 12:31
Last Modified:31 Jul 2019 12:31

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