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Machine Learning meets Computational Imaging: Big Data Analytics for Earth Observation

Datcu, Mihai (2018) Machine Learning meets Computational Imaging: Big Data Analytics for Earth Observation. ICIP 2018, 07.-10. Oktober 2018, Athen, Griechenland.

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Official URL: https://2018.ieeeicip.org/Tutorials.asp#T9

Abstract

The deluge of Erath Observation (EO) images counting hundreds of Terabytes per day needs to be converted into meaningful information, largely impacting the socio-economic-environmental triangle. Multispectral and microwave EO sensors are unceasingly streaming millions of samples per second, which must be analysed to extract semantics or physical parameters for understanding Earth spatio-temporal patterns and phenomena. Typical EO multispectral sensors acquires images in several spectral channels, covering the visible and infrared spectra, or the Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) images are represented as complex values representing modulations in amplitude, frequency, phase or polarization of the collected radar echoes. An important particularity of EO images should be considered, is their "instrument" nature, i.e. in addition to the spatial information, they are sensing physical parameters, and they are mainly sensing outside of the visual spectrum. Machine and deep learning methods are mainly used for image classification or objects segmentation, usually applied to one single image at a time and associated to the visual perception. The tutorial presents specific solutions for the EO sensory and semantic gap. Therefore, aiming to enlarge the concepts of image processing introducing models and methods for physically meaningful features extraction to enable high accuracy characterization of any structure in large volumes of EO images. The tutorial presents the advancement of the paradigms for stochastic and Bayesian inference, evolving to the methods of deep learning and generative adversarial networks. Since the data sets are organic part of the learning process, the EO dataset biases pose new challenges. The tutorial answers open questions on relative data bias, cross-dataset generalization, for very specific EO cases as multispectral, SAR observation with a large variability of imaging parameters and semantic content. The challenge of very limited and high complexity training data sets it is addressed introducing paradigms to minimize the amount of computation and to learn jointly with the amount of known available data using cognitive primitives for grasping the behaviour of the observed objects or processes. To practically implement these techniques, a current trend in Big Data processing is to bring the algorithms to the data on the cloud, instead of downloading large datasets and running algorithms on local servers. EO instead, is demanding more advanced paradigms, as: bring the algorithms to the sensor. The sensor is the source of the big data, and the tutorial is analysing the methods of computational imaging to optimize the EO information sensing. The tutorial is analysing the most advanced methods in synthetic aperture, coded aperture, compressive sensing, data compression, ghost imaging, and also the basics of quantum sensing. The overall theoretical trends are summarized in the perspective of practical applications.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/125487/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Machine Learning meets Computational Imaging: Big Data Analytics for Earth Observation
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Datcu, Mihaimihai.datcu (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:October 2018
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:machine learning, Computational imaging, big data
Event Title:ICIP 2018
Event Location:Athen, Griechenland
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:07.-10. Oktober 2018
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Earth Observation
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben hochauflösende Fernerkundungsverfahren
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Remote Sensing Technology Institute > EO Data Science
Deposited By: Zielske, Mandy
Deposited On:21 Dec 2018 10:32
Last Modified:29 Oct 2019 13:24

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