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Towards Autonomy and Safety for Unmanned Aircraft Systems

Torens, Christoph and Dauer, Johann C. and Adolf, Florian-Michael (2018) Towards Autonomy and Safety for Unmanned Aircraft Systems. In: Advances in Aeronautical Informatics: Technologies Towards Flight 4.0 Springer International Publishing. pp. 105-120. doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-75058-3. ISBN 978-3-319-75058-3.

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This chapter describes unmanned aircraft with respect to autonomy and safety aspects of aerospace. The focus will be on unmanned aircraft systems, however most of the principles regarding safety and automation are valid for both, manned and unmanned aviation. As a means to assure safety for aircraft, safety assessments, development processes, and software standards have been established for manned aviation. In this context, design-time assurance of software will be discussed. Another key component of the safety concept for manned aviation is the onboard pilot. The pilot supervises and validates the system behavior and develops a gut feeling if the system is okay, due to his onboard presence. This is not possible for an unmanned aircraft. Human supervision will be remotely located. Therefore, an extensive discussion on runtime assurance and automated supervision will be a part of this work. Furthermore, with the growing degrees of automation and upcoming autonomy of the aircraft, one pilot might have to supervise more than one aircraft at the same time. Unmanned aircraft are expected to be integrated into civil airspace in the near future, possibly in very large quantities. The autonomy of these unmanned aircraft and the absence of a pilot onboard the aircraft is a source of concern. However, the automation and autonomy can also support safety. The interdependence between safety and autonomy will be discussed in this chapter. The challenge regarding unmanned aircraft is that the same level of safety can be maintained. In this context, this chapter will discuss the impact of new and upcoming regulations and standards for unmanned aircraft regarding a holistic approach to the assessment of risk and their impact on autonomy and safety.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/125072/
Document Type:Book Section
Title:Towards Autonomy and Safety for Unmanned Aircraft Systems
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Torens, ChristophChristoph.Torens (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-0651-4390
Dauer, Johann C.Johann.Dauer (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Adolf, Florian-Michaelflorian.adolf (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Journal or Publication Title:Advances in Aeronautical Informatics: Technologies Towards Flight 4.0
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
DOI :10.1007/978-3-319-75058-3
Page Range:pp. 105-120
EditorsEmailEditor's ORCID iD
Hartmann, SvenTU ClausthalUNSPECIFIED
Publisher:Springer International Publishing
Keywords:unmanned aircraft, autonomy, safety, runtime monitoring, runtime verification, Specific operation risk assessment
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:fixed-wing aircraft
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L AR - Aircraft Research
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Concepts and Integration (old)
Location: Braunschweig
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Flight Systems > Unmanned Aircraft
Deposited By: Torens, Christoph
Deposited On:17 Dec 2018 15:16
Last Modified:17 Dec 2018 15:16

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