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Computation and analysis of atmospheric carbon dioxide annual mean growth rates from satellite observations during 2003 2016

Buchwitz, Michael and Reuter, Maximilian and Schneising, Oliver and Noel, Stefan and Gier, Bettina and Bovensmann, Heinrich and Burrows, John P. and Boesch, Hartmut and Anand, Jasdeep and Parker, Robert J. and Somkuti, Peter and Detmers, R. G. and Hasekamp, Otto and Aben, Ilse and Butz, Andre and Kuze, Akihiko and Suto, Hiroshi and Yoshida, Yukio and Crosp, David and O'Dell, Christopher (2018) Computation and analysis of atmospheric carbon dioxide annual mean growth rates from satellite observations during 2003 2016. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics. Copernicus Publications. DOI: 10.5194/acp-2018-158 ISSN 1680-7316

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Abstract

The growth rate of atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) reflects the net effect of emissions and uptake resulting from anthropogenic and natural carbon sources and sinks. Annual mean CO2 growth rates have been determined globally and for selected latitude bands from satellite retrievals of column-average dry-air mole fractions of CO2, i.e., XCO2, for the years 2003 to 2016. The global XCO2 growth rates agree with National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) growth rates from CO2 surface observations within the uncertainty of the satellite-derived growth rates (mean difference ± standard deviation: 0.0±0.24ppm/year; R: 0.87). This new and independent data set confirms record large growth rates around 3 ppm/year in 2015 and 2016, which are attributed to the 2015/2016 El Niño. Based on a comparison of the satellite-derived growth rates with human CO2 emissions from fossil fuel combustion and with El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO) indices, we estimate by how much the impact of ENSO dominates the impact of fossil fuel burning related emissions in explaining the variance of the atmospheric CO2 growth rate.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/123965/
Document Type:Article
Title:Computation and analysis of atmospheric carbon dioxide annual mean growth rates from satellite observations during 2003 2016
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Buchwitz, MichaelIUP-IFE, Universität BremenUNSPECIFIED
Reuter, MaximilianIUP-IFE, Universität BremenUNSPECIFIED
Schneising, OliverIUP, Universität BremenUNSPECIFIED
Noel, StefanIUP-IFE, Universität BremenUNSPECIFIED
Gier, BettinaUniv. Bremen und DLR IPA EVAUNSPECIFIED
Bovensmann, HeinrichIUP-IFE, Universität BremenUNSPECIFIED
Burrows, John P.IUP-IFE, Universität BremenUNSPECIFIED
Boesch, HartmutUniversity of Leicester, UKUNSPECIFIED
Anand, JasdeepUniversity of Leicester, UKUNSPECIFIED
Parker, Robert J.University of Leicester, UKUNSPECIFIED
Somkuti, PeterUniversity of Leicester, UKUNSPECIFIED
Detmers, R. G.SRON Netherlands Institute for Space ResearchUNSPECIFIED
Hasekamp, OttoSRON Netherlands Institute for Space ResearchUNSPECIFIED
Aben, IlseSRON Netherlands Institute for Space ResearchUNSPECIFIED
Butz, AndreDLR, IPAUNSPECIFIED
Kuze, AkihikoJapan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA), Tsukuba, JapanUNSPECIFIED
Suto, HiroshiJapan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA), Tsukuba, JapanUNSPECIFIED
Yoshida, YukioNational Institute for Environmental Studies (NIES), Tsukuba, JapanUNSPECIFIED
Crosp, DavidJet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL), Pasadena, CA USAUNSPECIFIED
O'Dell, ChristopherColorado State University (CSU), Fort Collings, CO USAUNSPECIFIED
Date:2018
Journal or Publication Title:Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:Yes
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
DOI :10.5194/acp-2018-158
Publisher:Copernicus Publications
ISSN:1680-7316
Status:Accepted
Keywords:atmospheric carbon dioxide, effect of emissions, anthropogenic and natural carbon sources and sinks, CO2 growth rates
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Earth Observation
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben Atmosphären- und Klimaforschung
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Atmospheric Physics > Earth System Model Evaluation and Analysis
Institute of Atmospheric Physics > Atmospheric Remote Sensing
Deposited By: Langer, Michaela
Deposited On:30 Nov 2018 13:25
Last Modified:02 May 2019 14:05

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