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Fundamental principles of battery design

Zschornak, Matthias and Meutzner, Falk and Lück, Jessica and Latz, Arnulf and Leisegang, Tilmann and Hanzig, Juliane and Nentwisch, Melanie and Zosel, Jens and Balbuena, Perla B. (2018) Fundamental principles of battery design. Physical Sciences Reviews, 3 (11). de Gruyter. DOI: 10.1515/psr-2017-0111 ISSN 2365-6581

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Abstract

With an increasing diversity of electrical energy sources, in particular with respect to the pool of renewable energies, and a growing complexity of electrical energy usage, the need for storage solutions to counterbalance the discrepancy of demand and offer is inevitable. In principle, a battery seems to be a simple device since it just requires three basic components – two electrodes and an electrolyte – in contact with each other. However, only the control of the interplay of these components as well as their dynamics, in particular the chemical reactions, can yield a high-performance system. Moreover, specific aspects such as production costs, weight, material composition and morphology, material criticality, and production conditions, among many others, need to be fulfilled at the same time. They present some of the countless challenges, which make battery design a long-lasting, effortful task. This chapter gives an introduction to the fundamental concepts of batteries. The principles are exemplified for the basic Daniell cell followed by a review of Nernst equation, electrified interface reactions, and ionic transport. The focus is addressed to crystalline materials. A comprehensive discussion of crystal chemical and crystal physical peculiarities reflects favourable and unfavourable local structural aspects from a crystallographic view as well as considerations with respect to electronic structure and bonding. A brief classification of battery types concludes the chapter.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/122870/
Document Type:Article
Title:Fundamental principles of battery design
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Zschornak, MatthiasUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Meutzner, FalkUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Lück, JessicaJessica.Lueck (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Latz, ArnulfArnulf.Latz (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Leisegang, TilmannUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Hanzig, JulianeUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Nentwisch, MelanieUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Zosel, JensUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Balbuena, Perla B.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date:11 August 2018
Journal or Publication Title:Physical Sciences Reviews
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:3
DOI :10.1515/psr-2017-0111
Publisher:de Gruyter
ISSN:2365-6581
Status:Published
Keywords:battery; electrochemistry; ionic transport; diffusion; migration; interface kinetics; crystallography
HGF - Research field:Energy
HGF - Program:Storage and Cross-linked Infrastructures
HGF - Program Themes:Electrochemical Energy Storage
DLR - Research area:Energy
DLR - Program:E SP - Energy Storage
DLR - Research theme (Project):E - Electrochemical Prcesses (Batteries)
Location: Stuttgart
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Engineering Thermodynamics > Computational Electrochemistry
Deposited By: Lück, Jessica
Deposited On:19 Dec 2018 16:48
Last Modified:14 Dec 2019 04:25

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