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Radar Backscatter Modeling Based on Global TanDEM-X Mission Data

Rizzoli, Paola (2018) Radar Backscatter Modeling Based on Global TanDEM-X Mission Data. Dissertation, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology.

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Abstract

Radar backscatter represents the portion of a transmitted electromagnetic signal that is redirected back toward the antenna from a target on ground. Its properties change depending on the radar wave frequency and polarization, acquisition geometry, ground cover type, and soil conditions. Backscatter information is of paramount importance for the design of SAR missions and is widely used for the development of scientific models in the fields of, e.g., the biosphere and cryosphere. The main goal of this work is to exploit the global TanDEM-X SAR data set to model radar backscatter at X band, considering different acquisition parameters and land cover types and to provide then the scientific community with an up-to-date set of backscatter models at a global scale. A novel approach for statistically model the backscatter information, which takes into account the quality of the input measurements, has been developed. The results are weighted polynomial models for different land cover types, taken from the ESA GlobCover map. A dedicated validation approach is presented as well, together with additional considerations on backscatter seasonality and a dedicated analysis of backscatter behavior over tropical rainforests. The attention is then focused on the Greenland Ice Sheet, which is characterized by the presence of different kinds of snow cover, from dry to wet snow. Here, the insufficient level of detail that is provided by the GlobCover map over Greenland (one single class for the entire ice cap) does not allow for a reliable modeling of backscatter. This obstacle set the motivation for developing a new approach for analyzing the information content of interferometric TanDEM-X data, aimed at locating different snow facies by means of the c-means fuzzy clustering algorithm. A set of four different snow facies has been derived, and their properties interpreted with the help of external reference data. The obtained map has then been used to generate an incidence angle dependent backscatter model for each snow facies, separately, by using a modified version of the developed algorithm for the generation of global backscatter models. Moreover, as by-product, the penetration depth of TanDEM-X into the ice pack has been estimated as well, by inverting the volume decorrelation single-layer model proposed by Weber Hoen and Zebker. The results have then been compared to the difference in height between the global TanDEM-X DEM and ICESat measurements. Finally, an algorithm for the generation of large-scale backscatter maps has been developed as well. It requires the use of backscatter models to equalize the output maps to a certain incidence angle of reference and to eventually fill remaining gaps caused by missing input data.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/122459/
Document Type:Thesis (Dissertation)
Title:Radar Backscatter Modeling Based on Global TanDEM-X Mission Data
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Rizzoli, PaolaPaola.Rizzoli (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-9118-2732
Date:2018
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Number of Pages:171
Status:Published
Keywords:radar, backscatter, TanDEM-X, modeling, Greenland ice sheet, snow facies
Institution:Karlsruhe Institute of Technology
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Earth Observation
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Projekt TanDEM-X
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Microwaves and Radar Institute
Microwaves and Radar Institute > Spaceborne SAR Systems
Deposited By: Rizzoli, Paola
Deposited On:24 Oct 2018 10:33
Last Modified:12 Nov 2018 16:47

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