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Small Spacecraft Solar Sailing for Small Solar System Body Multiple Rendezvous and Landing

Grundmann, Jan Thimo and Bauer, Waldemar and Biele, Jens and Boden, Ralf and Borchers, Kai and Ceriotti, Matteo and Cordero, Federico and Dachwald, Bernd and Dumont, Etienne and Grimm, Christian and Hercik, David and Ho, Tra-Mi and Jahnke, Rico and Koch, Aaron and Koncz, Alexander and Krause, Christian and Lange, Caroline and Lichtenheldt, Roy and Maiwald, Volker and Mikschl, Tobias and Mikulz, Eugen and Montenegro, Sergio and Pelivan, Ivanka and Peloni, Alessandro and Quantius, Dominik and Reershemius, Siebo and Renger, Thomas and Riemann, Johannes and Ruffer, Michael and Sasaki, Kaname and Schmitz, Nicole and Seboldt, Wolfgang and Seefeldt, Patric and Spietz, Peter and Spröwitz, Tom and Sznajder, Maciej and Tardivel, Simon and Toth, Norbert and Wejmo, Elisabet and Wolff, Friederike and Ziach, Christian (2018) Small Spacecraft Solar Sailing for Small Solar System Body Multiple Rendezvous and Landing. 2018 IEEE Arospace Conference, 3.-10. Mär. 2018, Big Sky, Montana, USA.

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Abstract

Physical interaction with small solar system bodies (SSSB) is the next step in planetary science, planetary in-situ resource utilization (ISRU), and planetary defense (PD). It requires a broader understanding of the surface properties of the target objects, with particular interest focused on those near Earth. Knowledge of composition, multi-scale surface structure, thermal response, and interior structure is required to design, validate and operate missions addressing these three fields. The current level of understanding is occasionally simplified into the phrase, "If you've seen one asteroid, you've seen one Asteroid", meaning that the in-situ characterization of SSSBs has yet to cross the threshold towards a robust and stable scheme of classification. This would enable generic features in spacecraft design, particularly for ISRU and science missions. Currently, it is necessary to characterize any potential target object sufficiently by a dedicated pre-cursor mission to design the mission which then interacts with the object in a complex fashion. To open up strategic approaches, much broader in-depth characterization of potential target objects would be highly desirable. In SSSB science missions, MASCOT-like nano-landers and instrument carriers which integrate at the instrument level to their mothership have met interest. By its size, MASCOT is compatible with small interplanetary missions. The DLR-ESTEC Gossamer Roadmap Science Working Groups' studies identified Multiple Near-Earth asteroid (NEA) Rendezvous (MNR) as one of the space science missions only feasible with solar sail propulsion. The Solar Polar Orbiter (SPO) study showed the ability to access any inclination and a wide range of heliocentric distances, with a separable payload module delivered by sail to the proper orbit. The Displaced-L1 (DL1) spaceweather early warning mission study sailcraft operates close to Earth, where all objects of interest to PD must pass and low delta-v objects for ISRU reside. Other studies outline the unique capability of solar sails to provide access to all SSSB, at least within the orbit of Jupiter, and significant progress has been made to explore the performance envelope of near-term solar sails for MNR. However, it is difficult for sailcraft to interact physically with a SSSB. We expand and extend the philosophy of the recently qualified DLR Gossamer solar sail deployment technology using efficient multiple sub-spacecraft integration to also include landers for one-way in-situ investigations and sample-return missions by synergetic integration and operation of sail and lander. The MASCOT design concept and its characteristic features have created an ideal counterpart for this. For example, the MASCOT Mobility hopping mechanism and its power supply concept have already been adapted to the specific needs of MASCOT2 which was to be carried on the AIM spacecraft of ESA as part of the NASA-ESA AIDA mission to binary NEA Didymos. The methods used or developed in the realization of MASCOT such as Concurrent Engineering, Constraints-Driven Engineering and Concurrent Assembly Integration and Verification enable responsive missions based on now available as well as near-term technologies. Designing the combined spacecraft for piggy-back launch accommodation enables low-cost massively parallel access to the NEA population.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/121956/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Small Spacecraft Solar Sailing for Small Solar System Body Multiple Rendezvous and Landing
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Grundmann, Jan ThimoJan.Grundmann (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-8809-0981
Bauer, Waldemarwaldemar.bauer (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-7972-2721
Biele, JensJens.Biele (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-7414-829X
Boden, Ralfralf.boden (at) tum.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-4656-8489
Borchers, Kaikai.borchers (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Ceriotti, MatteoUniversity of Glasgow, Glasgow, Scotland, United Kingdomhttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-6819-7178
Cordero, Federicofederico.cordero (at) telespazio-vega.deUNSPECIFIED
Dachwald, Bernddachwald (at) fh-aachen.deUNSPECIFIED
Dumont, EtienneEtienne.Dumont (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-4618-0572
Grimm, Christianchristian.grimm (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-4490-7424
Hercik, Davidd.hercik (at) tu-braunschweig.deUNSPECIFIED
Ho, Tra-Mitra-mi.ho (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Jahnke, Ricorico.jahnke (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Koch, Aaronaaron.koch (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Koncz, Alexanderalexander.koncz (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Krause, Christianchristian.krause (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Lange, CarolineCaroline.Lange (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-1709-3667
Lichtenheldt, RoyRoy.Lichtenheldt (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-2539-4910
Maiwald, Volkervolker.maiwald (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-4591-0089
Mikschl, Tobiastobias.mikschl (at) uni-wuerzburg.deUNSPECIFIED
Mikulz, EugenEugen.Mikulz (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Montenegro, Sergiosergio.montenegro (at) uni-wuerzburg.deUNSPECIFIED
Pelivan, Ivankaivanka.pelivan (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Peloni, AlessandroUniversity of Glasgow, Glasgow, Scotland, United KingdomUNSPECIFIED
Quantius, DominikDominik.Quantius (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Reershemius, SieboSiebo.Reershemius (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Renger, Thomasthomas.renger (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Riemann, JohannesUniversität Kassel / DLR Institute of Space SystemsUNSPECIFIED
Ruffer, Michaelmichael.ruffer (at) uni-wuerzburg.deUNSPECIFIED
Sasaki, KanameKaname.Sasaki (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Schmitz, Nicolenicole.schmitz (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Seboldt, Wolfgangnc-seboldwo (at) netcologne.deUNSPECIFIED
Seefeldt, Patricpatric.seefeldt (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Spietz, PeterPeter.Spietz (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Spröwitz, TomTom.Sproewitz (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-5369-6919
Sznajder, MaciejMaciej.Sznajder (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-9917-0581
Tardivel, SimonSimon.Tardivel (at) cnes.frUNSPECIFIED
Toth, Norbertnorbert.toth (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Wejmo, ElisabetElisabet.Wejmo (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Wolff, Friederikefriederike.wolff (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Ziach, ChristianC.Ziach (at) htgf.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:13 February 2018
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
In DOAJ:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Accepted
Keywords:Multiple NEA Rendezvous, Solar Sail, Gossamer-1, MASCOT, MASCOT2, AIM, AIDA, OKEANOS Lander, NEA sample return
Event Title:2018 IEEE Arospace Conference
Event Location:Big Sky, Montana, USA
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:3.-10. Mär. 2018
Organizer:IEEE
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Space Technology
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R SY - Technik für Raumfahrtsysteme
DLR - Research theme (Project):Proj. Entfaltungstechnologie . Solar Sail, R - Projekt Mascot (Bus), Project MASCOT Science and operation, R - Projekt Mascot (Rob.), Project MASCOT (Instruments), Vorhaben asteroids and comets, R - Explorationsstudien, R - Projekt ROSETTA Lander, R - Vorhaben Landetechnologien, R - Systemanalyse Raumsegment, Systemanalyse Raumtransport (SART), R - Raumfahrzeugsysteme - Systemanalyse Raumtransport, R - Vorhaben Robotdynamik & Simulation, R - Virtueller Satellit, R - Vorhaben Systemkonditionierung, Proj Small Satellite Technology Experiment Platform, R - Core Avionics
Location: Bremen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Space Systems > Systementwicklung und Projektbüro
Institute of Space Systems > Mechanic and Thermal Systems
Institute of Space Systems > Systemanalyse Raumsegmente
Institute of Space Systems > Systemanalyse Raumtransport
Institute of Space Systems > Land and Exploration Technology
Institute of Space Systems > Avioniksysteme
Space Operations and Astronaut Training > User center for space experiments (MUSC)
Institut für Systemdynamik und Regelungstechnik > Raumfahrt-Systemdynamik
Deposited By: Grundmann, Jan Thimo
Deposited On:02 Oct 2018 12:24
Last Modified:02 Oct 2018 12:24

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