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Capabilities of GOSSAMER-1 derived Small Spacecraft Solar Sails carrying MASCOT-derived Nanolanders for In-Situ Surveying of NEAs

Grundmann, Jan Thimo and Bauer, Waldemar and Biele, J. and Boden, Ralf and Ceriotti, Matteo and Cordero, Federico and Dachwald, Bernd and Dumont, Etienne and Grimm, Christian and Hercik, David and Ho, Tra-Mi and Jahnke, Rico and Koch, Aaron and Koncz, Alexander and Krause, C. and Lange, Caroline and Lichtenheldt, Roy and Maiwald, Volker and Mikschl, Tobias and Mikulz, Eugen and Montenegro, Sergio and Pelivan, Ivanka and Peloni, Alessandro and Quantius, Dominik and Reershemius, Siebo and Renger, Thomas and Riemann, Johannes and Ruffer, Michael and Sasaki, Kaname and Schmitz, Nicole and Seboldt, W. and Seefeldt, Patric and Spietz, Peter and Spröwitz, Tom and Sznajder, Maciej and Tardivel, Simon and Toth, Norbert and Wejmo, Elisabet and Wolff, Friederike and Ziach, C. (2018) Capabilities of GOSSAMER-1 derived Small Spacecraft Solar Sails carrying MASCOT-derived Nanolanders for In-Situ Surveying of NEAs. Acta Astronautica. Elsevier. DOI: 10.1016/j.actaastro.2018.03.019 ISSN 0094-5765

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Official URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S009457651731398X

Abstract

Any effort which intends to physically interact with specific asteroids requires understanding at least of the composition and multi-scale structure of the surface layers, sometimes also of the interior. Therefore, it is necessary first to characterize each target object sufficiently by a precursor mission to design the mission which then interacts with the object. In small solar system body (SSSB) science missions, this trend towards landing and sample-return missions is most apparent. It also has led to much interest in MASCOT-like landing modules and instrument carriers. They integrate at the instrument level to their mothership and by their size are compatible even with small interplanetary missions. The DLR-ESTEC Gossamer Roadmap NEA Science Working Groups' studies identified Multiple NEA Rendezvous (MNR) as one of the space science missions only feasible with solar sail propulsion. Parallel studies of Solar Polar Orbiter (SPO) and Displaced L1 (DL1) space weather early warning missions studies outlined very lightweight sailcraft and the use of separable payload modules for operations close to Earth as well as the ability to access any inclination and a wide range of heliocentric distances. These and many other studies outline the unique capability of solar sails to provide access to all SSSB, at least within the orbit of Jupiter. Since the original MNR study, significant progress has been made to explore the performance envelope of near-term solar sails for multiple NEA rendezvous. However, although it is comparatively easy for solar sails to reach and rendezvous with objects in any inclination and in the complete range of semi-major axis and eccentricity relevant to NEOs and PHOs, it remains notoriously difficult for sailcraft to interact physically with a SSSB target object as e.g. the Hayabusa missions do. The German Aerospace Center, DLR, recently brought the Gossamer solar sail deployment technology to qualification status in the Gossamer-1 project. Development of closely related technologies is continued for very large deployable membrane-based photovoltaic arrays in the GoSolAr project. We expand the philosophy of the Gossamer solar sail concept of efficient multiple sub-spacecraft integration to also include landers for one-way in-situ investigations and sample-return missions. These are equally useful for planetary defence scenarios, SSSB science and NEO utilization. We outline the technological concept used to complete such missions and the synergetic integration and operation of sail and lander. We similarly extend the philosophy of MASCOT and use its characteristic features as well as the concept of Constraints-Driven Engineering for a wider range of operations.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/121945/
Document Type:Article
Title:Capabilities of GOSSAMER-1 derived Small Spacecraft Solar Sails carrying MASCOT-derived Nanolanders for In-Situ Surveying of NEAs
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Grundmann, Jan Thimojan.grundmann (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-8809-0981
Bauer, Waldemarwaldemar.bauer (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Biele, J.DLR-Köln, jens.biele (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Boden, RalfUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Ceriotti, MatteoUniversity of Glasgow, Glasgow, Scotland, United KingdomUNSPECIFIED
Cordero, Federicofederico.cordero (at) telespazio-vega.deUNSPECIFIED
Dachwald, Bernddachwald (at) fh-aachen.deUNSPECIFIED
Dumont, EtienneEtienne.Dumont (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-4618-0572
Grimm, Christianchristian.grimm (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Hercik, Davidd.hercik (at) tu-braunschweig.deUNSPECIFIED
Ho, Tra-MiTra-Mi.Ho (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Jahnke, RicoRico.Jahnke (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Koch, Aaronaaron.koch (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Koncz, Alexanderalexander.koncz (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Krause, C.christian.krause (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Lange, CarolineCaroline.Lange (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-1709-3667
Lichtenheldt, RoyRoy.Lichtenheldt (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-2539-4910
Maiwald, Volkervolker.maiwald (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-4591-0089
Mikschl, Tobiastobias.mikschl (at) uni-wuerzburg.deUNSPECIFIED
Mikulz, EugenEugen.Mikulz (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Montenegro, Sergiosergio.montenegro (at) uni-wuerzburg.deUNSPECIFIED
Pelivan, Ivankaivanka.pelivan (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Peloni, AlessandroUniversity of Glasgow, Glasgow, Scotland, United KingdomUNSPECIFIED
Quantius, DominikDominik.Quantius (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Reershemius, SieboSiebo.Reershemius (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Renger, ThomasThomas.Renger (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Riemann, JohannesUniversität Kassel / DLR Institute of Space SystemsUNSPECIFIED
Ruffer, Michaelmichael.ruffer (at) uni-wuerzburg.deUNSPECIFIED
Sasaki, KanameKaname.Sasaki (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Schmitz, NicoleNicole.Schmitz (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Seboldt, W.nc-seboldwo (at) netcologne.deUNSPECIFIED
Seefeldt, PatricPatric.Seefeldt (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Spietz, PeterPeter.Spietz (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Spröwitz, TomTom.Sproewitz (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-5369-6919
Sznajder, MaciejMaciej.Sznajder (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-9917-0581
Tardivel, SimonUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Toth, NorbertNorbert.Toth (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Wejmo, ElisabetUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Wolff, FriederikeFriederike.Wolff (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Ziach, C.externUNSPECIFIED
Date:17 March 2018
Journal or Publication Title:Acta Astronautica
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
DOI :10.1016/j.actaastro.2018.03.019
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0094-5765
Status:Published
Keywords:Multiple NEA rendezvous Solar sail Gossamer-1 MASCOT Small spacecraft Asteroid sample return
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Space Technology
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R SY - Technik für Raumfahrtsysteme
DLR - Research theme (Project):Proj. Entfaltungstechnologie . Solar Sail, R - Projekt Mascot (Bus), Project MASCOT (Instruments), R - Projekt Mascot (Rob.), Project MASCOT Science and operation, R - Raumfahrzeugsysteme - Systemanalyse Raumtransport, Systemanalyse Raumtransport (SART), R - Systemanalyse Raumsegment, Systemanalyse Raumsegment, R - Explorationsstudien, R - Vorhaben Exploration des Sonnensystems, Vorhaben asteroids and comets, R - Projekt ROSETTA Lander, R - Vorhaben Landetechnologien, R - Virtueller Satellit, R - Vorhaben Systemkonditionierung, R - Vorhaben Robotdynamik & Simulation, R - Vorhaben Optische Fernerkundung für sicherheitsrelevante Anwendungen
Location: Bremen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Space Systems > Systems Engineering and Project Office
Institute of Space Systems > Mechanic and Thermal Systems
Institute of Space Systems > System Analysis Space Segment
Institute of Space Systems > Space Launcher Systems Analysis
Institute of Space Systems > Land and Exploration Technology
Institute of Space Systems > Avionics Systems
Institute of System Dynamics and Control > Space System Dynamics
Space Operations and Astronaut Training > User center for space experiments (MUSC)
Deposited By: Grundmann, Jan Thimo
Deposited On:02 Oct 2018 12:22
Last Modified:31 Jul 2019 20:19

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