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Geology and Physical Properties Investigations by the InSight Lander

Golombek, M. and Grott, M. and Kargl, G. and Andrade, J. and Marshall, J. and Warner, N. and Teanby, N. and Ansan, V. and Hauber, Ernst and Voigt, Joana and Lichtenheldt, Roy and Knapmeyer-Endrun, B. and Daubar, I. and Kipp, D. and Müller, N. and Lognonne, P. and Schmelzbach, C. and Banfield, D. and Trebi-Ollennu, A. and Maki, J.N. and Kedar, S. and Mimoun, D. and Murdoch, N. and Piqueux, S. and Delage, P. and Pike, W.T. and Charalambous, C. and Lorenz, Ralph D. and Fayon, L. and Lucas, A. and Rodriguez, S. and Morgan, P. and Spiga, Aymeric and Panning, M. and Spohn, Tilman and Smrekar, S.E. and Gudkova, T. and Garcia, R. and Giardini, D. and Christensen, U. and Nicollier, T. and Sollberger, D. and Robertsson, J. and Ali, K. and Kenda, B. and Banerdt, W.B. (2018) Geology and Physical Properties Investigations by the InSight Lander. Space Science Reviews, 214 (5), p. 84. Springer. DOI: 10.1007/s11214-018-0512-7 ISSN 0038-6308

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Official URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11214-018-0512-7

Abstract

Although not the prime focus of the InSight mission, the near-surface geology and physical properties investigations provide critical information for both placing the instruments (seismometer and heat flow probe with mole) on the surface and for understanding the nature of the shallow subsurface and its effect on recorded seismic waves. Two color cameras on the lander will obtain multiple stereo images of the surface and its interaction with the spacecraft. Images will be used to identify the geologic materials and features present, quantify their areal coverage, help determine the basic geologic evolution of the area, and provide ground truth for orbital remote sensing data. A radiometer will measure the hourly temperature of the surface in two spots, which will determine the thermal inertia of the surface materials present and their particle size and/or cohesion. Continuous measurements of wind speed and direction offer a unique opportunity to correlate dust devils and high winds with eolian changes imaged at the surface and to determine the threshold friction wind stress for grain motion on Mars. During the first two weeks after landing, these investigations will support the selection of instrument placement locations that are relatively smooth, flat, free of small rocks and load bearing. Soil mechanics parameters and elastic properties of near surface materials will be determined from mole penetration and thermal conductivity measurements from the surface to 3–5 m depth, the measurement of seismic waves during mole hammering, passive monitoring of seismic waves, and experiments with the arm and scoop of the lander (indentations, scraping and trenching). These investigations will determine and test the presence and mechanical properties of the expected 3–17 m thick fragmented regolith (and underlying fractured material) built up by impact and eolian processes on top of Hesperian lava flows and determine its seismic properties for the seismic investigation of Mars’ interior.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/121299/
Document Type:Article
Title:Geology and Physical Properties Investigations by the InSight Lander
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Golombek, M.Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA, USAUNSPECIFIED
Grott, M.matthias.grott (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Kargl, G.Space Research Institute, Austrian Academy of Sciences, Graz, AustriaUNSPECIFIED
Andrade, J.Department of Mechanical and Civil Engineering, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, USAUNSPECIFIED
Marshall, J.Department of Mechanical and Civil Engineering, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, USAUNSPECIFIED
Warner, N.jet propulsion laboratory, california institute of technology, pasadena ca 91109, usaUNSPECIFIED
Teanby, N.School of Earth Sciences, University of Bristol, Bristol, UKUNSPECIFIED
Ansan, V.Laboratoire Planétologie et Géodynamique de Nantes, LPGN/CNRS, Université NantesUNSPECIFIED
Hauber, Ernsternst.hauber (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Voigt, JoanaJoana.Voigt (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Lichtenheldt, RoyRoy.Lichtenheldt (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-2539-4910
Knapmeyer-Endrun, B.max planck institute for solar system research, göttingen, germanyUNSPECIFIED
Daubar, I.Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, PasadenaUNSPECIFIED
Kipp, D.jet propulsion laboratory, pasadena, ca, usaUNSPECIFIED
Müller, N.Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, 4800 Oak Grove Dr., Pasadena CA, 91109UNSPECIFIED
Lognonne, P.Institut de Physique du Globe, Paris, FranceUNSPECIFIED
Schmelzbach, C.ETH Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich, SwitzerlandUNSPECIFIED
Banfield, D.Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USAUNSPECIFIED
Trebi-Ollennu, A.Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA, USAUNSPECIFIED
Maki, J.N.Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA, USAUNSPECIFIED
Kedar, S.jet propulsion laboratory, pasadena, ca, usaUNSPECIFIED
Mimoun, D.Université de Toulouse, ISAE-SUPAERO, 10 avenue Edouard Belin, BP 54032, 31055 Toulouse Cedex 4, FranceUNSPECIFIED
Murdoch, N.Institut Supérieur de l’Aéronautique et de l’Espace (ISAE ‐ SUPAERO), Université de Toulouse, FranceUNSPECIFIED
Piqueux, S.Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology (Pasadena, CA, 91109)UNSPECIFIED
Delage, P.Ecole des Ponts ParisTech, Navier-CERMES, Paris, FranceUNSPECIFIED
Pike, W.T.Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Imperial College, London SW7 2AZ, UKUNSPECIFIED
Charalambous, C.Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Imperial College, South Kensington Campus, London, UKUNSPECIFIED
Lorenz, Ralph D.Johns Hopkins University, Applied Physics Lab., Laurel, MD 20723, USAUNSPECIFIED
Fayon, L.Institut de Physique du Globe de Paris, Paris, FranceUNSPECIFIED
Lucas, A.IPGP Paris, FranceUNSPECIFIED
Rodriguez, S.IPGP Paris, FranceUNSPECIFIED
Morgan, P.Colorado School of Mines, Golden, USAUNSPECIFIED
Spiga, AymericLaboratoire de Météorologie Dynamique (LMD/IPSL), Sorbonne Université, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, École Polytechnique, École Normale Supérieure, Paris, France; Institut Universitaire de France, Paris, Francehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-6776-6268
Panning, M.Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, PasadenaUSAUNSPECIFIED
Spohn, TilmanTilman.Spohn (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Smrekar, S.E.Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, USAUNSPECIFIED
Gudkova, T.Schmidt Institute of Physics of the Earth, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, RussiaUNSPECIFIED
Garcia, R.ISAE-SUPAERO, Toulouse University, Toulouse, FranceUNSPECIFIED
Giardini, D.Institute of Geophysics/Swiss Seismological Service, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, (ETHZ), Honggerberg, CH-3093 Zurich, SwitzerlandUNSPECIFIED
Christensen, U.Max-Planck-Institut für Sonnensystemforschung, Katlenburg-LindauUNSPECIFIED
Nicollier, T.ETH Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich, SwitzerlandUNSPECIFIED
Sollberger, D.ETH Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich, SwitzerlandUNSPECIFIED
Robertsson, J.ETH Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich, SwitzerlandUNSPECIFIED
Ali, K.Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91109, USAUNSPECIFIED
Kenda, B.Institut de Physique du Globe de Paris, Paris, FranceUNSPECIFIED
Banerdt, W.B.Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, USAUNSPECIFIED
Date:28 June 2018
Journal or Publication Title:Space Science Reviews
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
In DOAJ:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:214
DOI :10.1007/s11214-018-0512-7
Page Range:p. 84
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:0038-6308
Status:Published
Keywords:InSight Mars Geology Physical properties Surface materials
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Space Science and Exploration
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EW - Erforschung des Weltraums
DLR - Research theme (Project):Project InSight HP3
Location: Berlin-Adlershof
Institutes and Institutions:Institut für Systemdynamik und Regelungstechnik > Raumfahrt-Systemdynamik
Institute of Planetary Research > Planetary Geology
Institute of Planetary Research > Planetary Physics
Institute of Planetary Research > Leitungsbereich PF
Deposited By: Grott, Dr.rer.nat. Matthias
Deposited On:10 Sep 2018 15:24
Last Modified:07 Mar 2019 09:11

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