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Opportunities and Challenges for Power-to-Liquid Technologies towards Sustainable Aviation

Adelung, Sandra and Albrecht, Friedemann Georg and Bealu, Zoe and Estelmann, Stefan and Maier, Simon and Raab, Moritz and Dietrich, Ralph-Uwe (2018) Opportunities and Challenges for Power-to-Liquid Technologies towards Sustainable Aviation. ACHEMA 2018 Congress, 11.-15. Juni 2018, Frankfurt am Main, Deutschland.

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Abstract

The aviation industry will continue to rely on liquid fuels due to the required high energy density and the significant investment costs of changing today’s engine technology and airport infrastructure. In order to restrict aviation related greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in the context of a continuously growing air traffic, the international aviation sector has agreed on an offsetting scheme called CORSIA to directly fund carbon-reducing activities in October 2016. The mid-term target is a CO2 neutral growth from 2021. Conversion of CO2 and sustainable hydrogen to fuels via the Power-to-Liquid (PtL) process is one promising option to reduce dependency on fossil fuels and mitigate climate change. Our previous study has already assessed the PtL process by means of water electrolysis, reverse water-gas shift reaction and Fischer-Tropsch synthesis for the production of certified jet fuel. A detailed flow-sheeting model of a PtL plant was implemented and investigated in an extensive techno-economic assessment. It was shown that the net production costs of such synthetic fuels are much higher compared to conventional kerosene. Recently, the specific carbon footprint of power based jet fuels and GHG abatement costs for different plant locations and applied renewable power sources have been evaluated in order to estimate their contribution to the set GHG reduction targets in the aviation sector. Furthermore, the effect of the application of different technology options on the abatement cost has been evaluated in terms of CO2 separation, water and/or CO2 electrolysis, CO2 activation (autothermal versus allothermal) and FT synthesis within the PtL concept and will be presented. For this purpose, the production cost flows within the PtL concept were visualized using exergoeconomic methods. Based on the results, recommendations are given were financial support for technology development will result in highest fuel cost reduction. Precise technology research and development goals were derived in order to reach market readiness level of alternative fuels. A further support for the PtL concept might be the inclusion of aviation in the European Emission Trading Scheme.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/120944/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Opportunities and Challenges for Power-to-Liquid Technologies towards Sustainable Aviation
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Adelung, Sandrasandra.adelung (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Albrecht, Friedemann Georgfriedemann.albrecht (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Bealu, ZoeZoe.Bealu (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Estelmann, StefanStefan.Estelmann (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Maier, SimonSimon.Maier (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Raab, Moritzmoritz.raab (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Dietrich, Ralph-Uweralph-uwe.dietrich (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:12 June 2018
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:Power-to-Liquid, sustainable aviation, Techno economic assessment
Event Title:ACHEMA 2018 Congress
Event Location:Frankfurt am Main, Deutschland
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:11.-15. Juni 2018
Organizer:DECHEMA Gesellschaft für Chemische Technik und Biotechnologie e.V
HGF - Research field:Energy
HGF - Program:Storage and Cross-linked Infrastructures
HGF - Program Themes:Synthetic Hydrocarbons
DLR - Research area:Energy
DLR - Program:E SP - Energy Storage
DLR - Research theme (Project):E - Thermochemical Processes (Synth. HC.)
Location: Stuttgart
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Engineering Thermodynamics > Thermal Process Technology
Deposited By: Dietrich, Ralph-Uwe
Deposited On:07 Sep 2018 13:45
Last Modified:31 Jul 2019 20:18

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