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Autonomous driving, the built environment and policy implications

Fraedrich, Eva and Heinrichs, Dirk and Bahamonde Birke, Francisco Jose and Cyganski, Rita (2018) Autonomous driving, the built environment and policy implications. Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, 122, pp. 162-172. Elsevier. DOI: 10.1016/j.tra.2018.02.018 ISSN 0965-8564

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Official URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0965856417301696

Abstract

This article seeks to clarify how autonomous vehicles (AV) could affect urban planning and the built environment, to what extent these effects are compatible with municipalities’ existing objectives, and what lessons can be drawn from that. The paper combines a systematic review of the literature, a quantitative online survey and qualitative interviews with representatives from urban transport planning authorities in Germany. Four concrete ‘use cases’ were applied to structure the survey. Results show that respondents are rather skeptical about the compatibility of AV with existing transport and urban planning objectives, above all to strengthen non-motorized transportation and to promote public transportation. Particularly, automating private motorized travel appears not to match municipal planning perspectives. On the contrary, transport planners think that shared autonomous vehicles as a complement to public transport systems are more appropriate to support urban development strategies. Their most prominent concern with respect to AV is the expectation that car travel will increase with AV, propagating problems like congestion and negative environmental effects. However, survey respondents expect that effects differ quite strongly depending on how AV will occur. As a lesson, the study suggests that different AV use cases should receive specific attention to explore their potentials and challenges. The study likewise suggests to, given the discrepancy between the objectives of urban transport planning and federal government‘s policy focus, consider consolidating the communal strategic positions on research and development priorities. The results indicate a demand for studies that demonstrate how AV can respond to more fundamental challenges and goals that city planner’s face. Given the wide range of potential implications, the study suggests to broaden the debate from its present primary focus on the transport planning domain to city planning and development.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/120740/
Document Type:Article
Title:Autonomous driving, the built environment and policy implications
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Fraedrich, EvaEva-Maria.Fraedrich (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-2671-7491
Heinrichs, Dirkdirk.heinrichs (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-1242-2617
Bahamonde Birke, Francisco JoseFrancisco.BahamondeBirke (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Cyganski, RitaRita.Cyganski (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-5744-1427
Date:2018
Journal or Publication Title:Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:122
DOI :10.1016/j.tra.2018.02.018
Page Range:pp. 162-172
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0965-8564
Status:Published
Keywords:autonomous driving, systemic analysis, transportation planning, transportation policy, built environment
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Transport
HGF - Program Themes:Transport System
DLR - Research area:Transport
DLR - Program:V VS - Verkehrssystem
DLR - Research theme (Project):V - Verkehrsentwicklung und Umwelt II (old), V - Zukunftsbilder eines automatisierten integrierten Verkehrssystems
Location: Berlin-Adlershof
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Transport Research > Mobility and Urban Development
Deposited By: Cyganski, Rita
Deposited On:07 Aug 2018 11:50
Last Modified:31 Jul 2019 20:18

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