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SAFER-LC: Level Crossing Design Meets Traffic Psychology

Grippenkoven, Jan and Dreßler, Annika (2018) SAFER-LC: Level Crossing Design Meets Traffic Psychology. In: Rail Human Factors Proceedings of the 3rd German Workshop on Rail Human Factors, pp. 8-14. ITS mobility e.V.. 3rd German Workshop on Rail Human Factors, 17. Apr. - 18. Apr. 2018, Braunschweig, Germany. ISBN 978-3-937655-45-1

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Abstract

Human inattentiveness or risk-taking can easily compromise the safety offered by warning signs and approved safety systems in rail and road traffic. For this reason, level crossings remain one of the major vulnerable spots within the railway system. The degree of safety at level crossings does not solely depend on the level of reliability of technical safety systems. Since the safety standard of technical systems at level crossings is extremely high, the most variable factor and most critical point in the context of the level crossing is road user behavior. Within the joint European research project SAFER-LC, human factors were therefore identified as an important starting point to find and develop effective measures that can enhance safety at level crossings. A huge variety of safety measures has been proposed in the past. Some measures focus on improving the visibility of trains and infrastructural elements, some appeal to road users’ understanding of the situation through informative signs or warnings, others use structural changes in the road surface to induce speed reduction. This article provides an overview of road-user-centered measures proposed in the literature to enhance the safety of traverse at level crossings. A descriptive model of three fundamental steps in human information processing – perception of the level crossing, activation of relevant knowledge and formation of behavioral intention – serves as a framework to systemize and categorize road-user-centered safety measures from the literature. The overview offers a psychological perspective on measures that could be implemented by rail and road infrastructure managers to enhance safety at level crossings.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/119744/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:SAFER-LC: Level Crossing Design Meets Traffic Psychology
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Grippenkoven, JanGerman Aerospace Center, Institute of Transportation SystemsUNSPECIFIED
Dreßler, Annikaannika.dressler (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-7290-6133
Date:April 2018
Journal or Publication Title:Rail Human Factors Proceedings of the 3rd German Workshop on Rail Human Factors
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Page Range:pp. 8-14
Editors:
EditorsEmail
Milius, BirgitUNSPECIFIED
Naumann, AnjaUNSPECIFIED
Publisher:ITS mobility e.V.
ISBN:978-3-937655-45-1
Status:Published
Keywords:level crossing; human factors; rail safety; road safety; accident prevention
Event Title:3rd German Workshop on Rail Human Factors
Event Location:Braunschweig, Germany
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:17. Apr. - 18. Apr. 2018
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Transport
HGF - Program Themes:Traffic Management (old)
DLR - Research area:Transport
DLR - Program:V VM - Verkehrsmanagement
DLR - Research theme (Project):V - Next Generation Railway Systems III (old)
Location: Braunschweig
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Transportation Systems > Railway System
Institute of Transportation Systems > Human Factors
Deposited By: Grippenkoven, Jan Daniel
Deposited On:07 May 2018 09:55
Last Modified:31 Jul 2019 20:17

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