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Analysis of the Oil Seep-affected Sea Surface Microwave Backscattering

Khenouchi, Horiya and Buono, Andrea and Nunziata, Ferdinando and Velotto, Domenico and Migliaccio, Maurizio and Smara, Youcef (2018) Analysis of the Oil Seep-affected Sea Surface Microwave Backscattering. SeaSAR 2018, 07. - 10. Mai 2018, Frascati (Rome), Italy.

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Abstract

In this study, the sensitivity of environmental and sensor parameters that rule microwave backscattering of sea oil seeps is investigated by contrasting analytical models with actual satellite synthetic aperture radar (SAR) measurements. The topic that will be addressed is of paramount importance in many marine and maritime applications as remotely sensed oil seep observation, that is very interesting not only from a scientific point of view, but also from an economical and environmental perspectives being related to oil and gas exploration and extraction activities. Moreover, the problem of sea oil seep backscattering, i. e., the backscattering from reserves of hydrocarbons naturally coming up from the bottom of the ocean to sea surface, is rather challenging and needs further investigation since the processes that lie at the basis of the escape, the development and the lifespan of oil seeps are extremely variable and irregular. The latter result in a quite different backscattering modeling approach if compared to conventional scattering models that deal with sea surface backscattering with and without oil slicks. Hence, in this study, the two scale Boundary Perturbation Method (BPM) is adopted as a reference scattering model to predict sea surface backscattering and, then, the effects of the presence of the oil seep, that include damping properties, reduction of friction velocity and changes in the dielectric permittivity are taken into account. The firsts are considered including the rheological parameters of different kinds of surfactants, i. e., weak-damping biogenic films and strong-damping crude oil; the second is included by applying a penalty factor to slick-free sea surface friction velocity and the third is accounted for by modeling the heterogeneous oil seep according to the effective medium approximation theory, i. e., different kinds of mixture of seawater and oil droplets are considered. Then, the influence of all of those parameters to sea oil seep backscattering is evaluated for different SAR acquisition parameters, i. e., incident wavelength and angle of incidence, sea state conditions, i. e., wind speed, and surfactants’ properties, i. e., damping and concentration. Preliminary results, obtained by contrasting model’s predictions and actual backscattering SAR measurements collected at L-, C- and X-band over well-known sea oil seeps, demonstrated that wind speed, damping properties and incidence angles most affected the backscattering from sea oil seeps, while incident wavelength and the adopted oil/water mixture have a negligible impact on their backscattering.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/119582/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Additional Information:Conference: http://seasar2018.esa.int/
Title:Analysis of the Oil Seep-affected Sea Surface Microwave Backscattering
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Khenouchi, HoriyaUniversity of Sciences and Technology Houari Boumediene, Algiers, AlgeriaUNSPECIFIED
Buono, AndreaUniversità di Napoli Parthenope, Dipartimento di Ingegneria, 80143 Napoli, ItalyUNSPECIFIED
Nunziata, FerdinandoUniversità di Napoli Parthenope, Dipartimento di Ingegneria, 80143 Napoli, ItalyUNSPECIFIED
Velotto, DomenicoDomenico.Velotto (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-8592-0652
Migliaccio, MaurizioUniversità di Napoli Parthenope, Dipartimento di Ingegneria, 80143 Napoli, ItalyUNSPECIFIED
Smara, YoucefUniversity of Sciences and Technology Houari Boumediene, Algiers, AlgeriaUNSPECIFIED
Date:8 May 2018
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:surface films, polarimetry, multi-frequency, ocean backscattering
Event Title:SeaSAR 2018
Event Location:Frascati (Rome), Italy
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:07. - 10. Mai 2018
Organizer:ESA
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Earth Observation
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - SAR-Methodology
Location: Bremen , Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Remote Sensing Technology Institute > SAR Signal Processing
Deposited By: Kaps, Ruth
Deposited On:20 Apr 2018 13:47
Last Modified:31 Jul 2019 20:17

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