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A Future Airliner's Reduced-Crew: Modelling Pilot Incapacitation and Homicide-Suicide with Systems Theory

Schmid, Daniela and Stanton, Neville A. (2019) A Future Airliner's Reduced-Crew: Modelling Pilot Incapacitation and Homicide-Suicide with Systems Theory. Human-Intelligent Systems Integration, 1 (1), pp. 27-42. Springer. doi: 10.1007/s42454-019-00001-y. ISSN 2524-4876.

Full text not available from this repository.

Official URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s42454-019-00001-y


One main hurdle towards commercial airliners' Reduced-Crew Operations (RCO) is how to encounter pilot incapacitation. The aim of this modelling study is to evaluate the potential effects of a single-pilot's incapacitation on a future design approach to RCO. Most solutions propose a ground support of the pilot by a remote operator whom control should be handed over in case of an emergency. Both incapacitation and homicide-suicide have been discussed in the literature but neither of these events have been modelled nor evaluated empirically. We introduce a future operational design concept for RCO which includes a remote-copilot as ground support and automation tools monitoring pilot's health and entries into aircraft systems. The hazard analysis technique System-Theoretic Process Analysis (STPA) was used to model and analyse scenarios of incapacitation/homicide-suicide. A hierarchical control structure showed how RCO can be embedded into commercial aviation. The STPA of pilot incapacitation and two scenarios of pilot homicide-suicide showed how unsafe control actions leading to an incident or accident after incapacitation/homicide-suicide could be prevented. The possible detection and take-over of control by the ground support in the case of incapacitation raised the question for detailed procedures on how to react to its detection. Either an autoland by the remote-copilot or by an affiliated system is possible. An additional breakup of data-link may only be solved by an automatic landing system on-board.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/119545/
Document Type:Article
Additional Information:Linked article: https://rdcu.be/bxilV
Title:A Future Airliner's Reduced-Crew: Modelling Pilot Incapacitation and Homicide-Suicide with Systems Theory
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Schmid, DanielaUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-8304-2967UNSPECIFIED
Date:16 April 2019
Journal or Publication Title:Human-Intelligent Systems Integration
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Page Range:pp. 27-42
Keywords:STAMP; STPA; Single-pilot operations; System theory; Accident modelling; Aviation
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:air traffic management and operations
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L AO - Air Traffic Management and Operation
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Human factors and safety in Aeronautics (old)
Location: Braunschweig
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Flight Guidance > Pilot Assistance
Deposited By: Schmid, Daniela
Deposited On:31 Jul 2019 12:30
Last Modified:31 Jul 2019 12:30

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