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Classification of Fram Strait Sea Ice by Synthetic Aperture Radar

Brekke, Camilla and Eltoft, Torbjørn and Johansson, A. Malin and Grahn, Jakob and Singha, Suman (2018) Classification of Fram Strait Sea Ice by Synthetic Aperture Radar. 3rd ALOS-2 PI Workshop, 22.-25. Jan. 2018, Tokyo, Japan.

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Official URL: http://www.eorc.jaxa.jp/ALOS/en/conf/workshop/alos2_3rdpiws_2018jan.htm

Abstract

Space-borne synthetic aperture radar (SAR) systems are essential for operational monitoring of sea ice in polar regions. Radar polarimetry is a powerful niche within remote sensing, allowing investigations of various sea ice types’ scattering properties. Full-polarimetric and compact polarimetry SAR measurements may hence allow improved sea ice type characterization and discrimination capabilities aiding operational sea ice services. In this talk,we disseminate results from remote sensing measurements of sea ice collected under the Norwegian Young Sea Ice 2015 (N-ICE2015) field campaign that took place January to June 2015 in the Fram Strait. In particular, we focus on multifrequency SAR studies, involving acquisitions from ALOS-2 (L-band), Radarsat-2 (C-band), and TerraSAR-X (X-band), and give some directions for future research. First, an analysis of full-polarimetric L-, C-, and dual-polarization (HH/VV) X-band SAR data recorded over lead ice revealed that by combining the scattering entropy and co-polarization ratio we can successfully separate newly formed sea ice from open water and thicker sea ice within all three frequencies throughout the winter and spring season. The polarization difference exhibits less incidence angle dependency and shows to provide additional discrimination support. X- and L-band SAR acts complementary to the more regular acquisitions in C-band in terms of characterizing the newly formed sea ice types and surface structure. Second, asemi-coherent backscatter model is used to interpret the space-borne SAR data acquisitions of the Fram Strait sea ice. Specifically, full-polarimetric L-,C-, dual-polarization (HH/VV) and full-polarimetric X-band SAR is compared to model output. Constrained to simultaneous in-situ observations from the campaign, the model is able to reproduce the backscatter from lead ice and ice floes well for the individual frequency bands. For open water leads, unexpectedly high backscatter values are observed in L-band compared to C-band. Possible explanations relating to the sea ice formation process are discussed. Third, an automatic sea ice classification algorithm developed for near real-time services on full-polarimetric SAR measurements has been tested for X-, C-, and L-band data. Spatial and temporal coincident sea ice freeboard measurements of an airborne laser scanner as well as sea ice thickness data were used to validate the classification results. It was found that the number of multipolarization SAR parameters could be reduced from18 to 9, for all three frequencies, whilst still maintaining the 96.9% sea ice classification accuracy. The set of parameters that were found most useful in L-band was slightly different compared to those for the other two frequencies. Next, exploring a supervised classification scheme, we which to includemore full-polarimetric ALOS-2 L-band SAR scenes from the N-ICE campaign. Our goal is to investigate which multipolarization SAR parameters that are most useful for operational services, aiming at high accuracy sea ice classification under various environmental conditions and imaging geometries.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/119064/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Additional Information:ALL Abstracts: http://suzaku.eorc.jaxa.jp/meeting/jointpi2017/files/alos2-abs_20180119.pdf
Title:Classification of Fram Strait Sea Ice by Synthetic Aperture Radar
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Brekke, CamillaUiT The Arctic University of Norway, Department of Physics and Technology, NO-9037, Tromso, NorwayUNSPECIFIED
Eltoft, TorbjørnUiT The Arctic University of Norway, Department of Physics and Technology, NO-9037, Tromso, NorwayUNSPECIFIED
Johansson, A. MalinUiT The Arctic University of Norway, Department of Physics and Technology, NO-9037, Tromso, NorwayUNSPECIFIED
Grahn, JakobUiT The Arctic University of Norway, Department of Physics and Technology, NO-9037, Tromso, NorwayUNSPECIFIED
Singha, SumanSuman.Singha (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-1880-6868
Date:24 January 2018
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:Sea Ice, Polarimetry, High-Resolution, Feature Evaluation, TerraSAR-X, RADARSAT-2, ALOS-2
Event Title:3rd ALOS-2 PI Workshop
Event Location:Tokyo, Japan
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:22.-25. Jan. 2018
Organizer:Earth Observation Research Center (EORC) / Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA)
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Earth Observation
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - SAR-Methodology
Location: Bremen , Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Remote Sensing Technology Institute > SAR Signal Processing
Remote Sensing Technology Institute
Deposited By: Kaps, Ruth
Deposited On:26 Feb 2018 09:45
Last Modified:31 Jul 2019 20:16

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