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The different roles of the DLR German Space Operations Center in recent Laser Communication Projects

Rossmanith, Gregor Johannes and Kuhlmann, Sven and Beck, Thorsten (2017) The different roles of the DLR German Space Operations Center in recent Laser Communication Projects. 68th International Astronautical Congress (IAC), 25. - 29. September 2017, Adelaide, Australia.

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Laser communication is of growing importance for space programs and is utilized in several recent satellite missions, since it offers the advantages of high data rates over long distances. Since 2007, the German Space Operations Center (GSOC) of the German Aerospace Center (DLR) is involved in a number of projects in which laser communication plays a significant role, such as TerraSAR-X, TDP-1, EDRS-A and the upcoming EDRS-C. The role performed by GSOC is different for each of these missions, thus it covers a broad portfolio of operational experience in laser communication. For TerraSAR-X, a low earth orbit (LEO) satellite, GSOC performs the satellite as well as all payload operations. TerraSAR-X is equipped with a Laser Communication Terminal (LCT) as secondary payload, which is capable of inter-satellite (ISL) as well as space-to-ground links (SGLs). The development of these LCTs is led by the Space Administration of DLR, funded by the Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy, and performed by TESAT Spacecom GmbH. In contrast, EDRS-A is a hosted payload on a geostationary (GEO) satellite and the first step in the European Data Relay System, which will soon be supported by a second relay terminal, EDRS-C. The relay system offers LEO satellites more possibilities for high speed data downlinks via laser. It is a commercially used service with quite demanding requirements concerning the availability of this downlink. For EDRS-A, GSOC fulfills the role of the LCT payload control center. For EDRS-C, the task of GSOC is extended to dedicated satellite operations including the LCT payload. To address the demanding requirements, all processes on GSOC side are completely automated. ESA´s TDP-1 (Technology Demonstration Payload No.1) project is the proof-of-concept for EDRS. It is a collaboration between DLR, ESA, and TESAT-Spacecom. The mission involves LCTs installed as secondary payloads on board a variety of LEO and GEO satellites as well as on ground, allowing for ISLs as well as for SGLs. Here, GSOC fulfills the role of the Mission Control Center, which includes collection of orbit and availability data, calculation of feasible link slots, scheduling of customer link requests, and generation of operational products for the LCT payloads of the involved spacecraft. One important aspect of this advanced concept is the connection to multiple control centers or associated facilities (like TECO, INMARSAT, ESOC), which is a necessary prerequisite for successful laser communication between different satellite projects. This paper gives an overview of the operational concepts of GSOC within the four mentioned projects, with a focus on our involvement in the TDP-1 program.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/117285/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:The different roles of the DLR German Space Operations Center in recent Laser Communication Projects
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Rossmanith, Gregor JohannesGregor.Rossmanith (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Kuhlmann, Svensven.kuhlmann (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Beck, ThorstenThorsten.Beck (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:25 September 2017
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Keywords:Laser communication, GSOC, EDRS, TDP
Event Title:68th International Astronautical Congress (IAC)
Event Location:Adelaide, Australia
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:25. - 29. September 2017
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Communication and Navigation
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R KN - Kommunikation und Navigation
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben EDRS
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Space Operations and Astronaut Training
Deposited By: Rossmanith, Gregor Johannes
Deposited On:14 Dec 2017 16:16
Last Modified:31 Jul 2019 20:14

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