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Assessing the climate impact of the AHEAD multi-fuel blended wing body

Grewe, Volker and Bock, Lisa and Burkhardt, Ulrike and Dahlmann, Katrin and Gierens, Klaus Martin and Hüttenhofer, Ludwig and Unterstrasser, Simon and Rao, Arvind and Bhat, Abhishek and Yin, Feijia and Reichel, Thoralf and Paschereit, Oliver and Levy, Yeshayahou (2017) Assessing the climate impact of the AHEAD multi-fuel blended wing body. Meteorologische Zeitschrift, 26 (6), pp. 711-725. Borntraeger Science Publishers. DOI: 10.1127/metz/2016/0758 ISSN 0941-2948

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Official URL: https://dx.doi.org/10.1127/metz/2016/0758

Abstract

Air traffic is important to our society and guarantees mobility especially for long distances. Air traffic is also contributing to climate warming via emissions of CO2 and various non-CO2 effects, such as contrail-cirrus or increase in ozone concentrations. Here we investigate the climate impact of a future aircraft design, a multi fuel blended wing body (MF-BWB), conceptually designed within the EU-project AHEAD. We re-calculate the parameters for the contrail formation criterion, since this aircraft has very different characteristics compared to conventional technologies and show that contrail formation potentially already occurs at lower altitudes than for conventional aircraft. The geometry of the contrails, however, is similar to conventional aircraft, as detailed Large-Eddy-Simulations show. The global contrail-cirrus coverage and related radiative forcing is investigated with a climate model including a contrail-cirrus parameterisation and shows an increase in contrail-cirrus radiative forcing compared to conventional technologies, if the number of emitted particles is equal to conventional technologies. However, there are strong indications that the AHEAD engines would have a substantial reduction in the emission of soot particles and there are strong indications that this leads to a substantial reduction in the contrail-cirrus radiative forcing. An overall climate impact assessment with a climate-chemistry response model shows that the climate impact is likely to be reduced by 20% to 25% compared to a future aircraft with conventional technologies. We further tested the sensitivity of this result with respect to different future scenarios for the use of bio fuels, improvements of the fuel efficiency for conventional aircraft and the impact of the number of emitted soot particles on the radiative forcing. Only the latter has the potential to significantly impact our findings and needs further investigation. Our findings show that the development of new and climate compatible aircraft designs requires the inclusion of climate impact assessments already at an early stage, i.e. pre-design level.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/116784/
Document Type:Article
Title:Assessing the climate impact of the AHEAD multi-fuel blended wing body
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Grewe, VolkerDLR, IPAUNSPECIFIED
Bock, LisaDLR, IPAhttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-7058-5938
Burkhardt, UlrikeDLR, IPAUNSPECIFIED
Dahlmann, KatrinDLR, IPAhttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-3198-1713
Gierens, Klaus MartinDLR, IPAhttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-6983-5370
Hüttenhofer, LudwigDLR, IPAUNSPECIFIED
Unterstrasser, SimonDLR, IPAUNSPECIFIED
Rao, ArvindTU DelftUNSPECIFIED
Bhat, AbhishekTU DelftUNSPECIFIED
Yin, FeijiaTU DelftUNSPECIFIED
Reichel, ThoralfTechnische Universität Berlin, Hermann-Föttinger InstitutUNSPECIFIED
Paschereit, OliverInstitut für Strömungsmechanik und Technische Akustik, TU BerlinUNSPECIFIED
Levy, YeshayahouTechnion, Haifa, IsraelUNSPECIFIED
Date:8 December 2017
Journal or Publication Title:Meteorologische Zeitschrift
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:Yes
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:26
DOI :10.1127/metz/2016/0758
Page Range:pp. 711-725
Publisher:Borntraeger Science Publishers
ISSN:0941-2948
Status:Published
Keywords:climate change, mitigation, air traffic, contrails, blended wing body, LH2, LNG
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:air traffic management and operations
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L AO - Air Traffic Management and Operation
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Climate, Weather and Environment
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Atmospheric Physics > Earth System Modelling
Institute of Atmospheric Physics
Deposited By: Grewe, Prof. Dr. Volker
Deposited On:07 Dec 2017 15:34
Last Modified:08 Mar 2018 18:46

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