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Sulfur Poisoning of Ni/CGO Anodes: A Long-Term Degradation Study

Riegraf, Matthias and Costa, Rémi and Schiller, Günter and Friedrich, Kaspar Andreas (2017) Sulfur Poisoning of Ni/CGO Anodes: A Long-Term Degradation Study. SOFC-XV, Hollywood, Florida, USA.

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This work presents an in-depth analysis of long-term degradation due to sulfur poisoning of Ni/CGO10-based SOFC. A parameter study of the sulfur-induced long-term degradation of commercial, high-performance single cells was conducted with an accumulated cell testing time of more than one year. The long-term degradation behavior is investigated at 900 °C for different H2S concentrations and varying H2/H2O/N2 fuel gas atmospheres. The sulfur poisoning periods of the different cells varied from 100 up to 1500 h. The progress of the degradation during the experiments was monitored by means of electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. It is shown that Ni/CGO anodes can be exposed to 1 ppm H2S and operated without significant irreversible degradation at a current density of 0.5 A·cm–2 for 1500 h for certain fuel gas mixtures, demonstrating their promising long-term stability. However, for reduced hydrogen partial pressures in the fuel gas, the same H2S concentration leads to a considerable voltage decrease that is reflected by an increase in anode charge transfer resistance. Furthermore, the microstructural evolution of the Ni/CGO is examined ex-situ by means of SEM and correlated to the anode performance degradation. The existence of a stable operating regime for Ni/CGO anodes under sulfur exposure is clearly shown and the critical operating parameters are outlined. The presented results give important insights into the degradation processes occurring during long-term operation of Ni/CGO anodes as well as strategies for stable SOFC operation. Moreover, the results encourage to further optimize the performance and sulfur tolerance of Ni/CGO anodes.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/115355/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Sulfur Poisoning of Ni/CGO Anodes: A Long-Term Degradation Study
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Riegraf, MatthiasMatthias.Riegraf (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-0383-2545
Costa, Rémiremi.costa (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-3534-1935
Schiller, GünterGuenter.Schiller (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-5093-7625
Friedrich, Kaspar AndreasAndreas.Friedrich (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Keywords:Electrochemisty, SOFC, ceria
Event Title:SOFC-XV
Event Location:Hollywood, Florida, USA
Event Type:international Conference
HGF - Research field:Energy
HGF - Program:Storage and Cross-linked Infrastructures
HGF - Program Themes:Fuel cells
DLR - Research area:Energy
DLR - Program:E SP - Energy Storage
DLR - Research theme (Project):E - Electrochemical Processes (Fuel Cells)
Location: Stuttgart
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Engineering Thermodynamics > Electrochemical Energy Technology
Deposited By: Riegraf, Matthias
Deposited On:01 Dec 2017 13:09
Last Modified:31 Jul 2019 20:12

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