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NISAR Mission Overview and Performance Summary

Rosen, Paul and Hensley, Scott and Gurrola, Eric and Harcke, Leif and Kim, Yunjin and Shaffer, Scott and Veeramachaneni, Chandini and Villano, Michelangelo (2017) NISAR Mission Overview and Performance Summary. In: CEOS SAR WORKSHOP. CEOS SAR Workshop on Calibration and Validation (CEOS SAR CalVal), 2017-11-07 - 2017-11-09, Pasadena, USA.

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Abstract

The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) in the United States and the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) are developing a synthetic aperture radar (SAR) mission to map Earth's surface every 12 days, known as the NASA-ISRO SAR (NISAR) Mission. NISAR is being designed to measure changes in Earth's land surface using repeat pass synthetic aperture radar interferometry and polarimetry methods from space, in three science areas: 1) solid earth, including earthquakes, volcanoes, mountain building, and erosion, including landslides; 2) terrestrial ecosystems on which all of life depends, including global carbon distribution and change; 3) cryosphere, including changes in ice sheets, sea ice, and glaciers as key indicators of climate effects. The L-band radar provided by NASA, with its performance characteristics of wide-swath and complete coverage of land and ice twice in 12 days, is suited to measuring surface displacements of the solid earth, ice sheet velocities in Greenland and Antarctica, sea-ice motion, and ecosystem variables such as biomass, disturbance, and wetlands and agriculture area. In addition, the fast and reliable sampling in time will be used to develop reliable applications such as subsidence mapping, hazard assessment and disaster response. The radar is a scan-on-receive system that can be operated with fixed or variable pulse repetition frequency (PRF). With fixed PRF, because of the wide swath and required Doppler sampling, there will be gaps in the received swath during transmit events. With variable PRF, these gaps can be filled in at some cost of added multiplicative noise. In this paper, we will review the mission characteristics and observation plan, describe the radar performance with regard to traditional imaging metrics, and also describe the performance relative to the science requirements as predicted by the mission's performance tool.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/115347/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:NISAR Mission Overview and Performance Summary
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Rosen, Pauljet propulsion laboratory (jpl)UNSPECIFIED
Hensley, Scottjpl, pasadenaUNSPECIFIED
Gurrola, Ericjpl, pasadenaUNSPECIFIED
Harcke, LeifUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Kim, YunjinUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Shaffer, ScottUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Veeramachaneni, ChandiniUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Villano, MichelangeloMichelangelo.Villano (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-1769-6927
Date:November 2017
Journal or Publication Title:CEOS SAR WORKSHOP
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Status:Published
Keywords:NISAR, staggered SAR
Event Title:CEOS SAR Workshop on Calibration and Validation (CEOS SAR CalVal)
Event Location:Pasadena, USA
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:2017-11-07 - 2017-11-09
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Earth Observation
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben Tandem-L Vorstudien
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Microwaves and Radar Institute > Radar Concepts
Deposited By: Villano, Dr.-Ing. Michelangelo
Deposited On:20 Nov 2017 08:47
Last Modified:05 Feb 2018 17:17

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