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Angles-Only Relative Orbit Determination in Low Earth Orbit

Ardaens, Jean-Sébastien and Gaias, Gabriella (2018) Angles-Only Relative Orbit Determination in Low Earth Orbit. Advances in Space Research, 61, pp. 2740-2760. Elsevier. DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2018.03.016 ISSN 0273-1177

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The paper provides an overview of the angles-only relative orbit determination activities conducted to support the Autonomous Vision Approach Navigation and Target Identification (AVANTI) experiment. This in-orbit endeavor was carried out by the German Space Operations Center (DLR/GSOC) in autumn 2016 to demonstrate the capability to perform spaceborne autonomous close-proximity operations using solely line-of-sight measurements. The images collected onboard have been reprocessed by an independent on-ground facility for precise relative orbit determination, which served as ultimate instance to monitor the formation safety and to characterize the onboard navigation and control performances. During two months, several rendezvous have been executed, generating a valuable collection of images taken at distances ranging from 50 km to only 50 m. Despite challenging experimental conditions characterized by a poor visibility and strong orbit perturbations, angles-only relative positioning products could be continuously derived throughout the whole experiment timeline, promising accuracy at the meter level during the close approaches. The results presented in the paper are complemented with former angles-only experience gained with the PRISMA satellites to better highlight the specificities induced by different orbits and satellite designs.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/114308/
Document Type:Article
Title:Angles-Only Relative Orbit Determination in Low Earth Orbit
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Ardaens, Jean-Sébastiendlr/gsocUNSPECIFIED
Gaias, Gabrielladlr/gsocUNSPECIFIED
Journal or Publication Title:Advances in Space Research
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
DOI :10.1016/j.asr.2018.03.016
Page Range:pp. 2740-2760
Keywords:orbit determination, angles-only navigation, formation flying, flight demonstration, noncooperative rendezvous, active debris removal
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Space Technology
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R SY - Technik für Raumfahrtsysteme
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben Infrastruktur und Unterstützung für Raumflugbetrieb
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Space Operations and Astronaut Training
Deposited By: Gaias, Gabriella
Deposited On:21 Sep 2017 10:41
Last Modified:06 Sep 2019 15:27

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