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A Novel Concept for Monitoring Amazonas Deforestation by Combining Sentinel-1a/b and TanDEM-X SAR Data

Rizzoli, Paola and Bueso Bello, Jose Luis and Valdo, Paolo and Martone, Michele and Sousa Brandão, Waldiza and Zink, Manfred and Moreira, Alberto and Gonzales de Oliveira, Cleber (2017) A Novel Concept for Monitoring Amazonas Deforestation by Combining Sentinel-1a/b and TanDEM-X SAR Data. 2° Seminario de Monitoramento Integrado com Radar Orbital 2017, 2017-09-18 - 2017-09-19, Brasilia, Brasil.

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Abstract

The Amazon Rain forest plays a key-role in the Earth’s ecosystem. For example, it helps regulating carbon dioxide levels in the atmosphere, it is a large repository of biodiversity, and a shelter for many native local tribes. In the last decades, illegal deforestation has drastically increased, threatening its ecosystems and strongly influencing climate changes. An up-to-date assessment and monitoring of the forest resources is therefore of crucial importance. Given the huge extend of the Amazon basin, spaceborne remote sensing represents a unique instrument for providing consistent, timely, and high-resolution products at a global scale, without need for on-ground activities. Moreover, Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR), with its capability to acquire data independently from weather or day-light conditions, is likely to become the most suitable technology to achieve such a high demanding task. In this paper, we present a novel approach to monitor the evolution of deforested areas in the Amazon rain forest by combining Sentinel-1A/B and TanDEM-X data. The idea is firstly to exploit the large coverage and short revisit time provided by the constellation of Sentinel-1A/B satellites in order to cover the entire deforestation arch about ones per month. The goal is to discriminate forest/non-forest by exploiting C-band backscatter signatures in dual polarization and to identify the so-called deforestation hot-spots: local areas characterized by a significant amount of on-going deforestation activities. Secondly, high-resolution time series of bistatic TanDEM-X data can be acquired over these hot spots with a repeat-cycle of 11 days, and used to track fast changes at small scales, aiming at identifying specific on-going deforestation activities. The underlying principle is that a radar wave penetrates into the canopy, leading to volume scattering. Interferometric SAR acquisitions are therefore subjected to volume decorrelation. Single-pass bistatic TanDEM-X data does not suffer from temporal decorrelation and provides a very reliable classification, by exploiting the volume decorrelation contribution only. This TanDEM-X capability is so far unique, and opens the way for an effective and reliable monitoring of the Amazon rain forest with unprecedented accuracy. Finally, the proposed technique will be supported by preliminary results from a simulated acquisition scenario, in order to demonstrate the high potentials of single-pass interferometry for long-term forest change monitoring.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/113782/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:A Novel Concept for Monitoring Amazonas Deforestation by Combining Sentinel-1a/b and TanDEM-X SAR Data
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Rizzoli, PaolaUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-9118-2732
Bueso Bello, Jose LuisUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-3464-2186
Valdo, PaoloUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Martone, MicheleUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-4601-6599
Sousa Brandão, Waldizawaldiza.brandao (at) visionaespacial.com.brUNSPECIFIED
Zink, ManfredUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-4308-5636
Moreira, AlbertoUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-3436-9653
Gonzales de Oliveira, Clebercleber.oliveira (at) visionaespacial.com.brUNSPECIFIED
Date:2017
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:SAR, Deforestation, Change Detection, Interferometry, Volume Decorrelation
Event Title:2° Seminario de Monitoramento Integrado com Radar Orbital 2017
Event Location:Brasilia, Brasil
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:2017-09-18 - 2017-09-19
Organizer:CENSIPAM
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Earth Observation
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EO - Earth Observation
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Projekt TanDEM-X (old)
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Microwaves and Radar Institute
Microwaves and Radar Institute > Spaceborne SAR Systems
Deposited By: Rizzoli, Paola
Deposited On:23 Aug 2017 14:45
Last Modified:21 Nov 2017 14:51

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