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Robust Outlier Mitigation in Multi-Constellation GNSS Positioning for Waterborne Applications

Pozo Perez, Jose Antonio and Medina, Daniel and Herrera Pinzón, Iván Darío and Heßelbarth, Anja and Ziebold, Ralf (2017) Robust Outlier Mitigation in Multi-Constellation GNSS Positioning for Waterborne Applications.

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Abstract

Although classical Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) based positioning provides fairly good performance in open sky conditions, the performance of the single-constellation approaches under the presence of multipath and non-line-of-sight (NLOS) signals is often not sufficient to satisfy the stringent requirements of safety-critical applications, such as the driver assistance functionalities for inland vessels. Thus, Receiver Autonomous Integrity Monitoring (RAIM) was developed to assess the integrity of GNSS signals, becoming the standard approach for the mitigation of errors in navigational applications. However, this Approach is known to deteriorate when handling multiple simultaneous faults, which is the most prominent case in challenging scenarios. As an alternative to RAIM for the provision of reliable solutions, the robust regression framework is presented. This framework serves as an approach for the mitigation of unexpectedly large errors on observations which do not fit to the assumption of Gaussianity of the observation noise. Here the multi-constellation approach provides access to more observables and the quality of the positioning solution can be maximized by discarding the observations not fitting the model. Despite a comprehensive work has been developed regarding a single-constellation approach and robust methods, the extension of that work for multi-constellation using real data and outliers is still missing. Thus, this work provides an alternative framework for mitigation of errors to satisfy reliability, accuracy and availability of the positioning calculation in challenging environments. This work provides an in-depth discussion about the scale S estimator, an effective scheme from the statistical regression framework. The fault detection and mitigation performance of the S estimator against other competing algorithms is shown. This evaluation is carried out using real data from a measurement campaign in the Moselle River in Koblenz (Germany), where the presence of several bridges induces severe multipath effects on the signals.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/112958/
Document Type:Proceedings
Title:Robust Outlier Mitigation in Multi-Constellation GNSS Positioning for Waterborne Applications
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Pozo Perez, Jose Antoniojose.pozoperez (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Medina, Danieldaniel.ariasmedina (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Herrera Pinzón, Iván Daríoivan.herrerapinzon (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Heßelbarth, Anjaanja.hesselbarth (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Ziebold, Ralfralf.ziebold (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:January 2017
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:GNSS, Multi-Constellation, Robust Estimation, RAIM
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Transport
HGF - Program Themes:Traffic Management (old)
DLR - Research area:Transport
DLR - Program:V VM - Verkehrsmanagement
DLR - Research theme (Project):V - Automated Aids for Safe and Efficient Vessel Traffic Process (old)
Location: Neustrelitz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Communication and Navigation > Nautical Systems
Deposited By: Medina, Daniel
Deposited On:07 Jul 2017 10:52
Last Modified:08 Jun 2018 12:36

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