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Simulation-Supported Aviation Cyber-Security Risk Analysis: A Case Study

Schmitt, Angela R. and Edinger, Christiane and Mayer, Thomas and Niederl, Josef and Kiesling, Tobias (2017) Simulation-Supported Aviation Cyber-Security Risk Analysis: A Case Study. Deutsche Luft- und Raumfahrtkongress (DLRK) 2017, 5.-7. Sep. 2017, München, Deutschland.

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Abstract

Air Traffic Management (ATM) is based on complex processes carried out by several ATM entities, e.g., air traffic control, air traffic flow management and aeronautical information services. The results of these processes rely on the information passed between entities. Respective developments like those outlined in ICAOs Global Air Navigation Plan increase even further the complexity of this federated “system of systems”. Notably the concept of system-wide information management provides efficiency gains for the collaboration of airspace users, airports and air traffic management providers. However, this complexity and dynamic changes provide the ground for “gaps and flanks” between the elements, i.e., in terms of affected individual technical systems and information flows. Recent reports show that such vulnerabilities are explored in aviation similarly to other so called critical infrastructures. And while it is obvious that the failure of ATM elements will impair or even stop air traffic the impact of cyber-attacks on information integrity is less obvious. Thus, a continuous threat and risk analysis is important. This motivated the Air Traffic Resilience (ARIEL) project team to select attacks on the integrity of flight data as a use case for the scenario-oriented and model-based approach for aviation cyber security risk assessment. As part of the overall threat and risk analysis approach of ARIEL, an estimation of the threat potential of a selected attack scenario is made with the aid of an air traffic simulator. Thus, this makes it possible to quantify the threat to the system. The work presented here focuses on the use of simulation methodologies for aviation cyber security risk assessment with different variants of a flight plan data manipulation scenario. How the air traffic simulator TrafficSim could be used to estimate threat potential is presented along a discussion that focusses on approaches for the identification of such abnormalities that need to be counteracted or to treated to minimize its impact.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/111800/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Simulation-Supported Aviation Cyber-Security Risk Analysis: A Case Study
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Schmitt, Angela R.angela.schmitt (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Edinger, Christianechristiane.edinger (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Mayer, ThomasUniversität der Bundeswehr MünchenUNSPECIFIED
Niederl, JosefIABGUNSPECIFIED
Kiesling, TobiasIABGUNSPECIFIED
Date:5 September 2017
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:Security; Aviation; Air traffic simulation; Risk
Event Title:Deutsche Luft- und Raumfahrtkongress (DLRK) 2017
Event Location:München, Deutschland
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:5.-7. Sep. 2017
Organizer:DGLR
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:air traffic management and operations
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L AO - Air Traffic Management and Operation
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Efficient Flight Guidance
Location: Braunschweig
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Flight Control > Pilot Assistance
Deposited By: Schmitt, Angela Rebecca
Deposited On:20 Apr 2017 10:08
Last Modified:11 Dec 2017 17:37

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