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Priority rules as a concept for the usage of scarce airport capacity

Grunewald, Erik and Knabe, Franz and Schultz, Michael and Rudolph, Florian (2018) Priority rules as a concept for the usage of scarce airport capacity. Transportation Research Procedia (27), pp. 1146-1153. Elsevier. doi: 10.1016/j.trpro.2017.12.037. ISSN 2352-1457.

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Official URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2352146517309341


The limited capacity available at airports regularly leads to an imbalance between supply and demand at busier airports. It is the runway systems at such airports which often set limitations on the number of possible flight clearances. In addition, existing systems of regulation sometimes use strategic resource allocation as a condition for access to specific infrastructure, as for instance the airport slot allocation in accordance with EU Regulation 95/93 and its amendments in Europe. These regulation systems do indeed restrict the number of demanded slots to a level which the capacity can, on average, handle, but this alone cannot prevent unnecessary waiting times before customers are served. One reason for this can be temporary fluctuations in the capacity on offer (e.g. due to weather influences) and another is deviations from the forecast demand (e.g. due to delayed departures or short-notice changes to flight routes of an aircraft). Today’s system applies a first-in-first-out system in allocating runway capacity to demand in the form of planned flights. In order to treat all flights equally, deficits in utilization of the available slots are accepted. The concept presented in this Paper allows user-driven priorities to be set and true-to-schedule user behaviour to be promoted. It furthermore enables prioritization of high-profitability flights during clearance in cases where there are capacity deficits. We show which runway system prioritization is suitable in aviation to increase efficiency in resource utilization. We present KPIs which would be required by an airport to make this effect appropriately measurable.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/111666/
Document Type:Article
Title:Priority rules as a concept for the usage of scarce airport capacity
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Grunewald, ErikUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-5657-253XUNSPECIFIED
Knabe, FranzUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-3097-0310UNSPECIFIED
Schultz, MichaelUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-4056-8461UNSPECIFIED
Rudolph, FlorianUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-9997-6094UNSPECIFIED
Date:3 January 2018
Journal or Publication Title:Transportation Research Procedia
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Page Range:pp. 1146-1153
Keywords:prioritisation slot allocation Airport capacity
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Transport
HGF - Program Themes:Traffic Management (old)
DLR - Research area:Transport
DLR - Program:V VM - Verkehrsmanagement
DLR - Research theme (Project):V - Optimode.net (old)
Location: Braunschweig
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Air Transport and Airport Research > Airport Research
Institute of Flight Guidance > Air traffic systems
Deposited By: Grunewald, Dr.-Ing. Erik
Deposited On:22 Nov 2017 12:20
Last Modified:02 Nov 2023 12:09

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