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Feasibility of climate-optimized air traffic routing for trans-Atlantic flights

Grewe, Volker and Matthes, Sigrun and Frömming, Christine and Brinkop, Sabine and Jöckel, Patrick and Gierens, Klaus Martin and Champougny, Thierry and Fuglestvedt, Jan and Haslerud, Amund and Irvine, Emma A. and Shine, Keith (2017) Feasibility of climate-optimized air traffic routing for trans-Atlantic flights. Environmental Research Letters, 12 (3), 034003. Institute of Physics (IOP) Publishing. DOI: 10.1088/1748-9326/aa5ba0 ISSN 1748-9318

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Official URL: http://stacks.iop.org/1748-9326/12/i=3/a=034003

Abstract

Current air traffic routing is motivated by minimizing economic costs, such as fuel use. In addition to the climate impact of CO2 emissions from this fuel use, aviation contributes to climate change through non-CO2 impacts, such as changes in atmospheric ozone and methane concentrations and formation of contrail-cirrus. These non-CO2 impacts depend significantly on where and when the aviation emissions occur. The climate impact of aviation could be reduced if flights were routed to avoid regions where emissions have the largest impact. Here, we present the first results where a climate-optimized routing strategy is simulated for all trans-Atlantic flights on 5 winter and 3 summer days, which are typical of representative winter and summer North Atlantic weather patterns. The optimization separately considers eastbound and westbound flights, and accounts for the effects of wind on the flight routes, and takes safety aspects into account. For all days considered, we find multiple feasible combinations of flight routes which have a smaller overall climate impact than the scenario which minimizes economic cost. We find that even small changes in routing, which increase the operating costs (mainly fuel) by only 1% lead to considerable reductions in climate impact of 10%. This cost increase could be compensated by market-based measures, if costs for non-CO2 climate impacts were included. Our methodology is a starting point for climate-optimized flight planning, which could also be applied globally. Although there are challenges to implementing such a system, we present a road map with the steps to overcome these.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/111295/
Document Type:Article
Title:Feasibility of climate-optimized air traffic routing for trans-Atlantic flights
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Grewe, VolkerDLR, IPAUNSPECIFIED
Matthes, SigrunDLR, IPAUNSPECIFIED
Frömming, ChristineDLR, IPAUNSPECIFIED
Brinkop, SabineDLR, IPAUNSPECIFIED
Jöckel, PatrickDLR, IPAUNSPECIFIED
Gierens, Klaus MartinDLR, IPAhttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-6983-5370
Champougny, ThierryEurocontrol, Brüssel, BelgienUNSPECIFIED
Fuglestvedt, JanCICERO, Olso, NorwegenUNSPECIFIED
Haslerud, AmundCICERO, Olso, NorwegenUNSPECIFIED
Irvine, Emma A.Univ. Reading, UKUNSPECIFIED
Shine, KeithUniv. Reading, UKUNSPECIFIED
Date:27 February 2017
Journal or Publication Title:Environmental Research Letters
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Volume:12
DOI :10.1088/1748-9326/aa5ba0
Page Range:034003
Publisher:Institute of Physics (IOP) Publishing
ISSN:1748-9318
Status:Published
Keywords:Aircraft routing, Climate, Ozone, Contrails, REACT4C
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:air traffic management and operations
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L AO - Air Traffic Management and Operation
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Climate, Weather and Environment
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Atmospheric Physics > Earth System Modelling
Deposited By: Grewe, Prof. Dr. Volker
Deposited On:06 Mar 2017 13:11
Last Modified:06 Sep 2019 15:23

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