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Exploration of human control strategies for actuating elastic joints - an optimal control approach

Amara, Vishnu Dev (2016) Exploration of human control strategies for actuating elastic joints - an optimal control approach. DLR-Interner Bericht. DLR-IB-RM-OP-2016-359.

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Abstract

Elastic joints endow robots with advantages including energy-efficiency, safety and performance. To optimally actuate such joints, robotic tasks are formulated as optimal control problems with task objectives and their solutions provide the optimal control policies. However, two general challenges while solving these problems exist. They include the mathematical formulation of a task objective, due to a lack of verifiable control policies and the computation of the optimal solutions due to nonlinearities, state constraints, multiple degrees of freedom, etc. Since humans are considered to be optimizing agents with their innate constraints, a systematic analysis of their movement behaviour might provide clues to tackle these two issues. Therefore, we propose a novel approach where humans can be beneficially employed. For the same, we provide an analysis through experiments during which, subjects learned to manipulate virtual objects which represent elastic joints to perform two control tasks. In the first control task of maximizing the object’s terminal velocity, a cost functional can be easily formulated but the control policy computation is difficult. Humans while performing this task, showed that they are capable of approaching optimal task execution. Their apparent control strategies can be used as initial guesses to reduce the computational difficulties in finding optimal solutions. In the second control task of displacing an elastic object in the shortest time, finding a criterion that can represent a cost function is not straightforward. The cost functionals that were optimized by humans when deciphered, provided insights about the relative weighting of the dominant costs including hand acceleration, hand and object distance. These findings favour the exploration and utilization of human control policies for actuating elastic joints in future research.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/109925/
Document Type:Monograph (DLR-Interner Bericht)
Title:Exploration of human control strategies for actuating elastic joints - an optimal control approach
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Amara, Vishnu DevVishnu.Amara (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:2016
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:Optimal control, elastic joints, movement strategies, control policies
Institution:TU Delft
Department:Department of Biomechanical Engineering
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Space Technology
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R SY - Technik für Raumfahrtsysteme
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Robotische Assistenzsysteme (old)
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Robotics and Mechatronics (since 2013) > Analysis and Control of Advanced Robotic Systems
Deposited By: Özparpucu, Mehmet Can
Deposited On:10 Jan 2017 09:41
Last Modified:28 Oct 2017 19:10

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