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Planning Realistic Force Interactions for Bimanual Grasping and Manipulation

Meenakshi Sundaram, Ashok (2016) Planning Realistic Force Interactions for Bimanual Grasping and Manipulation. Master's. DLR-Interner Bericht. DLR-IB-RM-OP-2016-158, 135 S.

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Abstract

Dexterous robot hands offer a wide variety of grasping and interaction possibilities with objects. In order to select the best grasp, it is critical to count with a reliable grasp quality measure. Traditional grasp analysis methods use quality measures that allow a relative comparison of grasps for the same object, without an associated physical meaning for the resulting quality. The focus of this thesis is to establish an improved grasp analysis method that will result in a quality measure that can be directly interpreted in the force domain. One of the most commonly used grasp qualities is the largest minimum resisted wrench, which indicates the maximum perturbation wrench that a grasp can resist in any direction. Two efficient ways to calculate this quality are identified: (i) incremental grasp wrench space algorithm, and (ii) ray shooting algorithm. However, existing algorithms for such methods make several assumptions to avoid computational complexities in analyzing the 6D wrench space of a grasp. Important properties like hand actuation, realizable contact forces, friction at the contacts, and geometry of the object to be grasped are either neglected or greatly simplified. In this thesis, these assumptions are improved to bring those algorithms closer to reality. In the case of bimanual grasps, the number of contacts significantly increases, which in turn increases the computational complexity of the process. Suitable algorithms to handle a higher number of contacts are also proposed in this thesis. For grasping an object successfully, considering the hand and the object for analysis are necessary but not sufficient requirements. The capabilities of the robotic arm to which the hand is attached are equally important. Different manipulability measures are considered for the arm, corresponding to single and dual hand grasps, and they are later unified with the physically relevant grasp quality to obtain an overall measure of the goodness of a particular grasp. Based on the updated grasp quality, a complete grasp planning architecture is established. It also includes methods for bimanual grasp synthesis and grasp filtering based on properties like collision with the environment and arm reachability. The thesis includes application examples that illustrate the applicability of the approach. Finally, the developed algorithms can be generalized to a different type of force interaction task, namely a humanoid robot balancing with multiple contacts with the environment. A customized ray shooting algorithm is used to find the stability region of a humanoid legged robot standing on an uneven terrain or making multiple contacts with its hands and legs. In contrast to the regular zero-moment point based method, the stability region is found by analyzing the wrench space of the robot, which makes the method independent of the number of contacts or the contact configuration. Different examples show the direct and intuitive interpretation of the results obtained with the proposed method.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/109681/
Document Type:Monograph (DLR-Interner Bericht, Master's)
Title:Planning Realistic Force Interactions for Bimanual Grasping and Manipulation
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Meenakshi Sundaram, AshokAshok.MeenakshiSundaram (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:June 2016
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Number of Pages:135
Status:Published
Keywords:Grasp Planning, Bimanual Manipulation
Institution:Hochschule Bonn-Rhein-Sieg
Department:Fachbereich Informatik
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Space Technology
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R SY - Technik für Raumfahrtsysteme
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben on Orbit Servicing
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Robotics and Mechatronics (since 2013) > Autonomy and Teleoperation
Deposited By: Meenakshi Sundaram, Ashok
Deposited On:20 Dec 2016 10:53
Last Modified:20 Dec 2016 10:53

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