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Role of TCP phases on crack propagation in high temperature fatigue of single crystal Ni-based superalloys

Meid, Carla and Bartsch, Marion and Kostka, Aleksander (2016) Role of TCP phases on crack propagation in high temperature fatigue of single crystal Ni-based superalloys. Materials Science and Engineering 2016, Darmstadt, Deutschland.

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Abstract

Single crystal Ni-base superalloys used for gas turbine blades operate at high temperature and under complex stress state. High strength and high resistance against creep and fatigue is provided by the γ-/γ’- microstructure with cubic ’-precipitates separated by channels. Solid solution strengthening of the channels is provided by enrichment of Co, Cr, Re, and W [1, 2]. However, these strengthening elements have the tendency to form brittle phases, such as the so called TCP (topologically closed packed) phases. TCP phases can have a deleterious effect on the creep properties of superalloys [3] and influence the fatigue properties due to the depletion of the γ-matrix of strengthening elements in the vicinity of the TCP-phases [4]. Own observations made in high temperature low cycle fatigue (LCF) experiments indicate that formation of TCP-phases may have beneficial effects on the evolution of fatigue damages. LCF tests have been performed on a second generation single crystal superalloy with the nominal chemical composition of CMSX-4® at a test temperature of 950°C. Microstructural analyses of tested specimens show that cracks initiate at pores and propagate along two possible paths, i.e. (i) perpendicular to the loading direction through the γ-channels or (ii) along {111}-slip planes. The formation of TCP-phases seems to be linked with the presence of stress-/strain-concentrations since they only appear along crack paths and slip bands and at pores. This assumption is backed by preliminary EBSD-investigations, which reveal crystallographic misorientation at these locations. Slight crack path deviations of mode I cracks at TCP-phases indicate that TCP-phase formation can act as obstacles for cracks propagating along γ-channels. TCP-phases evolving along slip planes may also act as obstacles against further propagation of shear bands and may even enable subsequent healing of sheared microstructure, as suggested by TCP-phases aligned along slip planes in apparently undisturbed microstructure.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/108262/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Role of TCP phases on crack propagation in high temperature fatigue of single crystal Ni-based superalloys
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Meid, Carlacarla.meid (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Bartsch, Marionmarion.bartsch (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Kostka, AleksanderRuhr-Universität BochumUNSPECIFIED
Date:28 September 2016
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:Nickelbasis-Superlegierung, Ermüdung, Hochtemperaturverhalten
Event Title:Materials Science and Engineering 2016
Event Location:Darmstadt, Deutschland
Event Type:international Conference
Organizer:DGM e.V.
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:propulsion systems
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L ER - Engine Research
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Virtual Engine and Validation methods
Location: Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Materials Research > Experimental and Numerical Methods
Deposited By: Meid, Carla
Deposited On:28 Nov 2016 07:33
Last Modified:01 Dec 2016 14:29

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