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Integrating Phase Change Materials into automotive Thermoelectric Generators :An experimental examination and analysis of energetic potential through numerical simulation

Klein Altstedde, Mirko and Rinderknecht, Frank and Friedrich, Horst E. (2013) Integrating Phase Change Materials into automotive Thermoelectric Generators :An experimental examination and analysis of energetic potential through numerical simulation. In: 32nd International Conference on Thermoelectrics. ICT 2013, 30. Jun. - 04. Jul. 2013, Kobe, Japan. ISBN DOI: 10.1007/s11664-014-2990-z ISSN 0361-5235

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Abstract

The heat exhausted by conventional combustion-engine vehicles during actual operation has shown highly transient properties. Therefore, automotive thermoelectric generators (TEG) are geared towards a particular operating state (design point). This, however, leads to two issues. Firstly, whenever the combustion engine runs at low load, the maximum operating temperature cannot be properly utilised, and secondly, a combustion engine at high load requires partial diversion of exhaust gas away from the TEG in order to protect the thermoelectric modules. One attractive means of homogenizing dynamic exhaust behaviour (thereby keeping the TEGs operating status at the design point as long as possible) is the use of latent heat storage, also known as phase change materials (PCM). By positioning PCM between module and exhaust heat conduit and choosing a material with a phase change temperature matching the module’s optimal operating temperature, it can be used as heat storage. This paper presents the results found during the institute’s examination of the influence of latent heat storage integration on the potential of automotive TEG to convert exhaust heat. The research resulted in the development of a concept based on the initial integration idea, followed by a proof of functionality through use of a specially created prototype. Additionally, the potential of energy gained by a PCM-equipped TEG was calculated. The simulations indicated a significant increase of the gained electrical energy in the selected test cycle.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/107858/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Integrating Phase Change Materials into automotive Thermoelectric Generators :An experimental examination and analysis of energetic potential through numerical simulation
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Klein Altstedde, Mirkomirko.kleinaltstedde (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Rinderknecht, Frankfrank.rinderknecht (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Friedrich, Horst E.Horst.Friedrich (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:June 2013
Journal or Publication Title:32nd International Conference on Thermoelectrics
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
ISSN:0361-5235
ISBN:DOI: 10.1007/s11664-014-2990-z
Status:Published
Keywords:Thermoelectric generator, phase change material, waste heat recovery, latent heat thermal energy storage, flue gas heat exchanger, high temperature thermal energy storage
Event Title:ICT 2013
Event Location:Kobe, Japan
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:30. Jun. - 04. Jul. 2013
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Transport
HGF - Program Themes:Terrestrial Vehicles (old)
DLR - Research area:Transport
DLR - Program:V BF - Bodengebundene Fahrzeuge
DLR - Research theme (Project):V - Project Fahrzeugenergiesysteme III (old)
Location: Stuttgart
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Vehicle Concepts > Alternative Energiewandler
Deposited By: Klein Altstedde, Mirko
Deposited On:22 Nov 2016 15:55
Last Modified:01 Dec 2018 19:52

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