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Surface velocity measurement in the Baltic Sea with TanDEM-X: results from the HGF-EDA study

Suchandt, Steffen and Lehmann, Andreas and Herrford, Josefine and Romeiser, Roland and Pleskachevsky, Andrey and Runge, Hartmut (2016) Surface velocity measurement in the Baltic Sea with TanDEM-X: results from the HGF-EDA study. In: TerraSAR-X / TanDEM-X Science Team Meeting 2016, TerraSAR-X Science Service (online). TerraSAR-X / TanDEM-X Science Team Meeting 2016, 17.-20. Okt. 2016, Oberpfaffenhofen, Deutschland.

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Official URL: http://sss.terrasar-x.dlr.de/papers_sci_meet_2016/2.2_ocean-1/3_suchandt.pdf

Abstract

The ocean surface boundary layer constitutes the interface between the atmosphere and the deep ocean. Correct estimation of the fluxes between ocean and atmosphere is strongly influenced by surface currents and waves. It is therefore important to consider these effects in ocean circulation or coupled atmosphere-ocean models which are also used for climate studies. It has been demonstrated that sea surface velocities can be mapped for large areas and with high sensitivity by space borne SAR Along-track interferometry (ATI), e.g. in [Romeiser et al. 2014, Suchandt et al. 2015]. In this study, we utilize TanDEM-X to extract information on ocean surface processes. The satellite formation provides a unique testbed for oceanography with SAR-ATI. Within several campaigns, we have acquired bi-static interferometric data in the Baltic Sea. It serves as a pilot study area, where different kinds of reference data are available. A surface current extraction processor has been developed that derives surface velocity maps from TanDEM-X CoSSC datasets. We cross-compare these velocities to data from a numerical circulation model of the Baltic Sea as well as to in-situ measurements with the aim of geophysical interpretation. Comparison of the TanDEM-X derived velocity maps to surface currents from the Baltic Sea Ice Ocean Model (BSIOM) shows good qualitative agreement. Remaining differences are due to the influence of wave motion. To distinguish between different contributions to the observed Doppler velocities, this influence must be quantified and compensated through suitable wind field information. We demonstrate how high-resolution wind data can be extracted from the normalized radar cross section (NRCS) of the same TanDEM-X data that are used for surface velocity measurement [Pleskachevsky et al. 2016]. This way, the often high spatial variability of the wind/wave influence on Doppler velocities can be estimated and accounted for. By this approach, different information layers of the CoSSC data are beneficially combined. It shows how new SAR oceanographic data products can evolve from TanDEM-X and also from follow-on missions like TanDEM-L. References: R. Romeiser, H. Runge, S. Suchandt, R. Kahle, C. Rossi and C.S. Bell, “Quality Assessment of Surface Current Fields From TerraSAR-X and TanDEM-X Along-Track Interferometry and Doppler Centroid Analysis”, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., vol. 52, no. 5, pp. 2759-2772, 2014. S. Suchandt and H. Runge: „Ocean Surface Observations Using the TanDEM-X Satellite Formation”, IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing, vol. 8, issue 11, pp. 5096-5105, 2015. A.L. Pleskachevsky, W. Rosenthal and S. Lehner, “Meteo-marine parameters for highly variable environment in coastal regions from satellite radar images”, ISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing, in press, March 2016.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/107008/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Surface velocity measurement in the Baltic Sea with TanDEM-X: results from the HGF-EDA study
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Suchandt, SteffenDLRUNSPECIFIED
Lehmann, AndreasGEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Ocean ResearchUNSPECIFIED
Herrford, JosefineGEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Ocean ResearchUNSPECIFIED
Romeiser, RolandUniversity of MiamiUNSPECIFIED
Pleskachevsky, AndreyAndrey.Pleskachevsky (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Runge, HartmutDLR IMFUNSPECIFIED
Date:2016
Journal or Publication Title:TerraSAR-X / TanDEM-X Science Team Meeting 2016, TerraSAR-X Science Service (online)
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Editors:
EditorsEmailEditor's ORCID iD
DLR, Microwaves and Radar InstituteUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Status:Published
Keywords:Surface velocity, Baltic Sea, TanDEM-X, HGF-EDA
Event Title:TerraSAR-X / TanDEM-X Science Team Meeting 2016
Event Location:Oberpfaffenhofen, Deutschland
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:17.-20. Okt. 2016
Organizer:DLR
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Earth Observation
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EO - Earth Observation
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben Tandem-L Vorstudien (old)
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Remote Sensing Technology Institute > SAR Signal Processing
Deposited By: Suchandt, Steffen
Deposited On:28 Oct 2016 10:12
Last Modified:31 Jul 2019 20:04

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