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Development of Interface Requirements for Future Civilian Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems (RPAS)

Friedrich, Max (2016) Development of Interface Requirements for Future Civilian Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems (RPAS). 12th International Symposium of the AAvPA, 07.-10. November 2016, Adelaide, Australien.

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Abstract

In the current study methods from cognitive work analysis (CWA) were applied aiming to generate interface requirements for ground control stations (GCS) of remotely piloted aircraft systems (RPAS) operated in civilian controlled airspace. Civilian use of RPAS is a key interest of industry and concepts for integrating RPAS into civilian controlled airspace are required. The first two phases of CWA, namely work domain analysis (WDA) and control task analysis (ConTA), were conducted for an Airbus A320 operated in civilian controlled airspace in order to identify the constraints related to the work domain and to the activity to be carried out within the work system. Since aircraft systems of manned and remotely piloted aircraft have common purposes (i.e. maneuvering the aircraft through controlled airspace), the work system of a manned aircraft was selected for exploring constraints of the work system of future civilian RPAS operators. For the WDA an abstraction-decomposition-space (ADS) was created. Its decomposition dimension was developed in accordance to the ATA 100 chapter classification of aircraft systems. For the ConTA, a contextual activity template was created. Flight phases of a flight through civilian controlled airspace where mapped onto the horizontal axis, visualizing work situations. Work functions for each sub-system that was modelled within the ADS were derived and mapped onto the vertical axis. Finally, for reasonable combinations of work situations and work functions decision ladders were developed. They were used as a structured framework for identifying crucial information operators rely on when flying and maneuvering an aircraft through civilian controlled airspace and, most importantly, for identifying what information RPAS operators lack due to their remote location. Future steps will include careful evaluation of safety critical information, which essentially has to be considered in the development of requirements for GCS interfaces for operators of future civilian RPAS.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/106522/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Development of Interface Requirements for Future Civilian Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems (RPAS)
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Friedrich, Maxmax.friedrich (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:2016
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:Civilian Use of Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems (RPAS), Cognitive Work Analysis (CWA)
Event Title:12th International Symposium of the AAvPA
Event Location:Adelaide, Australien
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:07.-10. November 2016
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:air traffic management and operations
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L AO - Air Traffic Management and Operation
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Human factors and safety in Aeronautics
Location: Braunschweig
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Flight Control > Pilot Assistance
Deposited By: Friedrich, Max
Deposited On:11 Oct 2016 14:33
Last Modified:11 Nov 2016 17:31

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