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Review on Conformal Displays: More Than Highway in the Sky

Peinecke, Niklas and Schmerwitz, Sven and Döhler, Hans-Ullrich and Lüken, Thomas (2017) Review on Conformal Displays: More Than Highway in the Sky. Optical Engineering, 56 (5). Society of Photo-optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). DOI: 10.1117/1.OE.56.5.051406 ISSN 0091-3286

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Official URL: http://opticalengineering.spiedigitallibrary.org/article.aspx?articleid=2601704


A head-worn display combined with accurate head-tracking allows one to show synthetically generated symbols in a way that they appear as a part of the real world. Depending on the specific research context, different terms have been used for the ability to show display elements as parts of the outside world. These include contact analog, scene linked, augmented reality, and outside conformal. While the famous highway in the sky was one of the first applications in avionics, over the years more and more conformal counterparts have been devised for aircraft-related instruments. Among them are routing information, navigation aids, specialized landing displays, obstacle warnings, drift indicators, and many more. Conformal displays have been developed for more than 40 years. We present a review of some results, as well as an insight in research trends for the next years. We suggest that naturalism is not the best choice for the design of conformal displays. Instead, more abstract representations often yield better pilot acceptance.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/106464/
Document Type:Article
Title:Review on Conformal Displays: More Than Highway in the Sky
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Peinecke, NiklasNiklas.Peinecke (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-6683-2323
Schmerwitz, SvenSven.Schmerwitz (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Döhler, Hans-UllrichUlli.Doehler (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-5218-3887
Lüken, ThomasThomas.Lueken (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:6 February 2017
Journal or Publication Title:Optical Engineering
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
DOI :10.1117/1.OE.56.5.051406
Hopper, Darrel G.UNSPECIFIED
Browne, MichaelUNSPECIFIED
Publisher:Society of Photo-optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE)
Keywords:helmet mounted displays, conformal displays, conformal symbology, low-clutter displays, degraded visual environments
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:air traffic management and operations
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L AO - Air Traffic Management and Operation
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Efficient Flight Guidance
Location: Braunschweig
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Flight Control > Pilot Assistance
Deposited By: Peinecke, Dr.rer.nat. Niklas
Deposited On:03 Nov 2016 10:29
Last Modified:08 Mar 2018 18:47

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