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Review of colored conformal symbology in head-worn displays

da Silva Rosa, David L. and Peinecke, Niklas and Ernst, Johannes M. (2017) Review of colored conformal symbology in head-worn displays. In: Proceedings of SPIE. SPIE Press. SPIE Defense + Commercial Sensing 2017, 9.-13. Apr. 2017, Anaheim, Kalifornien, USA.

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Abstract

The usage of conformal symbology in color head-worn displays (HWDs) opens up a range of new possibilities on modern flight decks. The capability of color augmentation seems especially useful for low flights in degraded visual environments. Helicopter flights in these conditions, including brownout by swirling dust or sand particles, can often lead to spatial disorientation (SD) and result in a significant amount of controlled flight into terrain (CFIT). While first generation color-capable conformal displays are deployed, practical guidelines for the use of color in these see-through interfaces are yet to be established. A literature survey is carried out to analyze available knowledge of color use in conformal displays and to identify established methodologies for human-factors experimentation in this domain. Firstly the key human factors involved in color HWDs are outlined, including hardware design aspects as well as perceptual and attentional aspects. Secondly research on color perception is mapped out, focusing on investigations of luminance contrast requirements, modeling of color space blending and development of color correction solutions. Thirdly application-based research of colored conformal symbology is reviewed, including several simulations and flight experiments. Analysis shows that established luminance contrast requirements need to be validated and that performance effects of colored HWD symbology need more objective measurements. Finally practical recommendations are made for further research. This literature study has thus established a theoretical framework for future experimental efforts in colored conformal symbology. The Institute of Flight Guidance of the German Aerospace Center (DLR) is currently conducting experiments within this framework.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/106232/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Review of colored conformal symbology in head-worn displays
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
da Silva Rosa, David L.david.silvarosa (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Peinecke, Niklasniklas.peinecke (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Ernst, Johannes M.johannes.ernst (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-8238-3671
Date:2017
Journal or Publication Title:Proceedings of SPIE
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Editors:
EditorsEmail
Sanders-Reed, JackUNSPECIFIED
Arthur, Jarvis J.UNSPECIFIED
Publisher:SPIE Press
Series Name:Proc. SPIE
Status:Published
Keywords:Color, Helmet-Mounted Displays, Conformal Symbology, Augmented Reality, Degraded Visual Environments, Head-Worn Displays, Human-Machine Systems, Pilot Assistance
Event Title:SPIE Defense + Commercial Sensing 2017
Event Location:Anaheim, Kalifornien, USA
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:9.-13. Apr. 2017
Organizer:SPIE
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:air traffic management and operations
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L AO - Air Traffic Management and Operation
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Efficient Flight Guidance
Location: Braunschweig
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Flight Control > Pilot Assistance
Deposited By: Ernst, Johannes Maria
Deposited On:19 Oct 2016 12:13
Last Modified:13 Jun 2017 11:39

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