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Designing a virtual cockpit for helicopter offshore operations

Ernst, Johannes M. and Schmerwitz, Sven and Lüken, Thomas and Ebrecht, Lars (2017) Designing a virtual cockpit for helicopter offshore operations. In: Proceedings of SPIE. SPIE Press. SPIE Defense + Commercial Sensing 2017, 9.-13. Apr. 2017, Anaheim, Kalifornien, USA.

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In recent years the number of offshore wind farms is rapidly increasing. Especially coastal European countries are building numerous offshore wind turbines in the Baltic, the North, and the Irish Sea. During both construction and operation of these wind farms, many specially-equipped helicopters are on duty. Due to their flexibility, their hover capability, and their higher speed compared to ships, these aircraft perform important tasks like helicopter emergency medical services (HEMS) as well as passenger and freight transfer flights. The missions often include specific challenges like ship landings or hoist operations to drop off workers onto wind turbines. However, adverse weather conditions frequently limit offshore helicopter operations. In such scenarios, the adoption of aircraft-mounted sensors and obstacle databases together with helmet-mounted displays (HMD) seems to offer great potential to improve the operational capabilities of the helicopters used. By displaying environmental information in a visual conformal manner, these systems mitigate the loss of visual reference to the environment. This helps the pilots to maintain proper situational awareness (SA). This paper presents how our previously introduced concept of an HMD-based virtual flight deck can enhance offshore helicopter missions. The advantages of this system – for instance its “see-through the airframe”-capability and its highly-flexible cockpit instrument setup – enable us to design entirely novel pilot assistance systems. The work analyzes the specific requirements on our virtual cockpit so as to assist the helicopter crew in offshore-specific tasks. The gained knowledge is used to propose and evaluate concepts for a virtual cockpit that is tailor-made for helicopter offshore maneuvers.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/106227/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Designing a virtual cockpit for helicopter offshore operations
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Ernst, Johannes M.johannes.ernst (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-8238-3671
Schmerwitz, Svensven.schmerwitz (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Lüken, Thomasthomas.lueken (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Ebrecht, Larslars.ebrecht (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Journal or Publication Title:Proceedings of SPIE
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Sanders-Reed, JackUNSPECIFIED
Arthur, Jarvis J.UNSPECIFIED
Publisher:SPIE Press
Series Name:Proc. SPIE
Keywords:Virtual Cockpit, Offshore Helicopter Operations, Helmet-Mounted Display, Head-Worn Display, Virtual Reality, Degraded Visual Environment, External Vision, Pilot Assistance
Event Title:SPIE Defense + Commercial Sensing 2017
Event Location:Anaheim, Kalifornien, USA
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:9.-13. Apr. 2017
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:rotorcraft
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L RR - Rotorcraft Research
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - The Smart Rotorcraft
Location: Braunschweig
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Flight Control > Pilot Assistance
Deposited By: Ernst, Johannes Maria
Deposited On:15 Nov 2016 11:32
Last Modified:13 Jun 2017 11:38

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